Category: Misc. Fiqh
Fatwa#: 18375
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: Nov 16,2009

Title: If a man divorces a woman and she is now sitting in the iddah of talaaq and then the man passes away, what will be her iddah? Please explain the hanafi and shafi'ee opinion.

Question

If a man divorces a woman and she is now sitting in the iddah of talaaq and then the man passes away, what will be her iddah? Please explain the hanafi and shafi'ee opinion.

Answer

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

If a woman is in her iddah for a talaq baain (irrevocable divorce) and the husband passes away before the completion of her iddah, then one must see which of the two iddahs (iddah after talaq or iddah after death) will take longer to complete. She will observe the iddah which will take longer to complete. (note: iddah for talaq is the completion of three full hayd periods if she is not conceived. If she is conceived then the iddah will be till birth. The iddah of death is four months and ten days)

If a woman was in her iddah for a talaq raj’ee (revocable divorce) and the husband passes away before the completion of her iddah, then her iddah will change to the iddah of death.

( وفي ) حق ( امرأة الفار من ) الطلاق ( البائن ) إن مات وهي في العدة ( أبعد الأجلين من عدة الوفاة وعدة الطلاق ) احتياطا ، بأن تتربص أربعة أشهر وعشرا من وقت الموت فيها ثلاث حيض من وقت الطلاق شمني ، وفيه قصور لأنها لو لم تر فيها حيضا تعتد بعدها بثلاث حيض ، حتى لو امتد طهرها تبقى عدتها حتى تبلغ سن الإياس فتح ( و ) قيد بالبائن لأن ( لمطلقة الرجعي ما للموت ) إجماعا .

(Darrul Mukhtar)

أن الزوج إذا طلق زوجته طلاقا رجعيا في صحته ، أو مرضه ودخلت في عدة الطلاق ثم مات والعدة باقية تنتقل عدتها إلى عدة الموت إجماعا

(Raddul Muhtaar)

(Bahishti Zewar (Urdu), P. 363, Makkiyah)

(Al-Mahmud, P. 20, Darul Iftaa Camperdown)

And Allah knows best

Wassalaamu `alaykum

Ml. Asif Umar,
Student Darul Iftaa

Checked and Approved by:

Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Darul Iftaa, Madrassah In'aamiyyah

________________________________________________________________________
Visit us at:
http://www.al-inaam.com                                                  [ Madrassah In’aamiyyah ]
http://www.askimam.org                                            [ Darul Ifta - Madrassah In`aamiyyah ]
http://groups.google.com/group/shariahcompliant     [Shariah Compliant Business Campaign]
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/shifaa                                [As-Shifaa Islamic Forum]
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ulama_sa                                [Ulama-SA Islamic Forum]

 

DISCLAIMER - Askimam.org questions

The Askimam.org Site answers issues pertaining to Shariah. Thereafter these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and can not be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. To ensure this Askimam.org will start to flag such questions. Previous questions on Askimam.org do not carry such cautionary message.  Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.

·          The Sharée ruling herein given is specifically based on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.

·          The Darul Ifta bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer. The Darul Ifta being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.

·          This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of the Darul Ifta.

 

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.