Category: Misc. Fiqh
Fatwa#: 9818
Asked Country: Pakistan

Answered Date: Oct 06,2003

Title: As 'Shab-e-Barat' is approaching, I wanted to inquire a few things about it. 1) what are its Fazail(advantages)

Question

As 'Shab-e-Barat' is approaching, I wanted to inquire a few things about it. 1) what are its Fazail(advantages)? 2) What was Rasul Allah's (S.A.W's)routine for Shab-e-barat? Any hadith realted to this day. 3) what should be and what shouldn't be done on this day. Besides can u please talk about the fazail of the month of Shabaan. Please do reply soon because Shab-e-barat is around the corner.Jazak-Allah!

Answer

There+are+many+Ahaadith+that+have+been+narrated+on+the+virtue+of+the+15th+of+Sha%3Fbaan.+One+of+them+is+the+narration+of+Sayyiduna+Mu%3Faadh+ibn+Jabal+%28Radhiallaahu+Anhu%29+that+Rasulullah+%28Sallallaahu+Alayhi+Wasallam%29+said%2C+%3FAllah+Ta%3Fala+turns+to+his+entire+creation+on+the+fifteenth+night+of+Sha%3Fbaan+and+forgives+all+of+them+except+one+who+ascribes+partners+to+Him+and+one+who+harbours+enmity+in+his+heart.%3F+%28This+Hadith+has+been+recorded+by+Imaam+Tabrani+in+his+Mu%3Fjamul+Awsat+Hadith6776+and+Mu%3Fjamul+Kabeer+vol.20+pg.108-109%29%0D%0A%0D%0AImaam+ibn+Hibbaan+%28RA%29+has+classified+this+narration+as+Sahih+%28authentic%29+and+has+included+it+in+his+book+%3F+al-Saheeh.+%28see+Sahih+ibn+Hibbaan+vol.12+pg.482%3B+Hadith5665%29.+Hafiz+al-Haythami+%28RA%29+has+mentioned+that+all+the+narrators+of+this+Hadith+are+reliable.+%28Majma-uz-zawaaid+vol.8+pg.65%29%0D%0A%0D%0ABesides+this+narration+classified+as+Saheeb+by+Imaam+ibn+Hibbaan%2C+there+is+another+classified+as+sound+by+Haafiz+al-Munzhiri+%28RA%29+in+his+al-Targheeb+%28vol.3+pg.459%29.+This+narration+is+of+Sayyiduna+Abu+Bakr+%28Radhiallaahu+Anhu%29+and+is+recorded+by+Imaam+Bazzaar+%28RA%29+in+his+Musnad.+In+fact%2C+Hafiz+ibn+Hajar+%28RA%29+has+also+classified+one+of+its+chains+as+Hasan+%28sound%29.+%28al-Amaalil+mutlaqah+pgs.119-120%29%0D%0A%0D%0ABesides+the+above%2C+there+are+many+other+Sahaaba+%28Radhiallaahu+Anhum%29+that+narrated+Ahaadith+regarding+the+merit+of+this+night%2C+such+as%3A+Abu+Hurayra+%28Musnad+al-Bazzaar%29%2C+Abu+Tha%3Flabah+%28Shu%3Fubul+Imaan%29%2C+Awf+ibn+Maalik+%28Musnad+al-Bazzaar%29%2C+Abdullah+ibn+Amr+ibn+al-Aas+%28Musnad+Ahmad+Hadith6642%29%2C+Abu+Moosa+al-Ash%3Fari+%28ibn+Majah+Hadith1390%3B+Shu%3Fubul+Imaan+Hadith3833%29+and+others.+The+collective+strength+of+these+narrations+cannot+be+refuted.%0D%0A%0D%0AThe+general+virtue+of+this+night+has+been+accepted+by+many+great+Ulama+of+the+past.+From+among+many+great+scholars+which+have+agreed+to+the+virtue+of+this+night+are%3A+Umar+ibn+Abdul-Aziz%2C+Imaam+al-Shaafi%3Fee%2C+Imaam+al-Awzaa%3Fie%2C+Attaa+ibn+Yassaar%2C+Imaam+al-Majd+ibn+Abdul-Aziz%2C+ibn+Rajab+al-Hanbaliy+and+Hafiz+Zaynu-ddeen+al-Iraaqiy+%28Rahmatullaahi+alayhim%29+%3F+refer+Laylatul+Ma%3Faarif+of+Hafiz+ibn+Rajab+pgs.263-264+and+Faydhul+Qadeer+vol.2+pg.317%0D%0A%0D%0AIn+fact%2C+Hafiz+Ahmad+ibn+Taymiyah+has+said%2C+%3FAs+for+the+middle+night+of+Sha%3Fbaan%2C+there+are+various+narrations+that+have+been+narrated+regarding+its+significance+and+it+has+been+reported+from+a+group+of+the+Salaf+%28predecessors%29+that+they+performed+Salaat+in+it+individually%2C+hence%2C+such+a+deed+cannot+be+disputed.%3F+%28Majmoo%3F+al-Fataawa+ibn+Taymiyah+vol.23+pg.132%29%0D%0A%0D%0Aand+Allah+Ta%27ala+Knows+Best%0D%0A%0D%0AMl.+Muhammad+ibn+Moulana+Haroon+Abassommar%0D%0AFACULTY+OF+SPECIALTY+IN+HADITH+SCIENCES%0D%0A%0D%0ACHECKED+AND+APPROVED%3A+Mufti+Ebrahim+Desai+%28Fatwa+Department%29

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