Fatwa: # 47215
Category: Food and Nourishment
Country:
Date: 30th March 2021

Title

What is the reason Muslims do not eat Pork?

Question

Assalamualaikum What is the reason for Muslims not being allowed to eat pork? While making wudhu if one passes wind should they repeat the full wudhu or continue on?

Answer

Wa Alaykumus Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuh.

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

1) Pork is Haraam because Allah ﷻ has made it Haraam. Allah ﷻclearly mentions in the Quraan:

حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ وَالدَّمُ وَلَحْمُ الْخِنْزِيرِ وَمَا أُهِلَّ لِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ بِهِ [المائدة: 3]

Translation: Carrion, blood, the meat of the swine and that which has been sacrificed with (any other name) besides the name of Allah  have all been prohibited for you to consume. [Al-Maaidah:3] 

Allah ﷻ is الحكيم, The All Wise. Every order of Allah ﷻ is filled with wisdom. Every prohibition in Shariah is to avert some harm from us.

Pork is unhealthy and impure. The swine in itself is an intrinsically filthy animal, which is even outwardly attracted to filth. Swine do not possess sweat glands. Because of this, they spend most of their time in mud, often contaminated by their own faeces, as a cooling mechanism. Urban swine finds majority of its diet from faeces and refuse. Many serious and fatal viral diseases transmit from swine to human, such as swine flu (H1N1), respiratory syndromes (PRRSV), diarrhoea (PEDV) and foot and mouth diseases (FMDV) to mention a few. It is in conformity to rationale that something harmful and filthy like pork is made impermissible to consume or use.[1]

 

2)  If one passes wind while making Whudu, he/she will have to repeat the Whudu from the beginning. [2]

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best 

Ebrahim Ibn Ahmed Dadan

 

Student Darul Iftaa
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa

 

Checked and Approved by, 
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



[1] Even the bible has prohibited pork due to it being ‘unclean’. See the following excerpt:

 

If you’re at all familiar with the Bible, you probably remember that in it God specifically instructed His people not to eat pork and shellfish. Many people are surprised to find this out, but in the Old Testament God warned us that the pig was an unclean animal. Why? Because the pig is a scavenger and not meant for human consumption. (Check out Leviticus 11.)

Orthodox Jewish Kosher dietary laws and Islamic Halal dietary laws prohibit pork consumption. There are many other religions and cultures that avoid pork as well.

Christian religious denominations that forbid pork consumption include:

  • Ethiopian Orthodox
  • Hebrew Roots
  • Messianic Jews
  • Rastafarian
  • Seventh-Day Adventists
  • United Church of God

 

No matter how you think about it, pigs are rather dirty animals. They’re considered the garbage and waste eliminators of the farm, often eating literally anything they can find. This includes not only bugs, insects and whatever leftover scraps they find laying around, but also their own faeces, as well as the dead carcasses of sick animals, including their own young. At least one farmer has gone out to feed his pigs and never returned. On that morning in 2012, he literally became the pig’s breakfast.

Pigs become more saturated with toxins than many of their counterpart farm animals, because a pig digests whatever it eats in up to about four hours. On the other hand, a cow takes a good 24 hours to digest what it’s eaten.

During the digestive process, animals (including humans) get rid of excess toxins as well as other components of the food eaten that could be dangerous to health.  Many of these toxins remain in a pigs system to be stored in its more than adequate fatty tissues ready for our consumption.

Another issue with the pig is that it has very few functional sweat glands and can barely sweat at all. (reference) Sweat glands are a tool the body uses to be rid of toxins. This leaves more toxins in the pig’s body. When you consume pork meat, you too get all these toxins that weren’t eliminated from the pig. None of us needs more toxins in our systems. 

The swine flu is another virus that has made the leap from pig to human…. Swine influenza virus infections in humans are now being called “variant virus infections in humans.” I wonder why the authorities removed the word “swine.” Was it scaring people away from eating pork? Probably. 

Did you know that pigs carry a variety of parasites in their bodies and meat? Some of these parasites are difficult to kill even when cooking.  

Pigs carry many viruses and parasites with them. Whether by coming in direct contact with them through farms or by eating their meat, we put ourselves at higher risk of getting one of these painful, often debilitating diseases (not to mention put our bodies on toxic overload)

It’s estimated that 70 percent of factory-farmed pigs have pneumonia when they go to the slaughterhouse. [Adapted]

 

[2]

الفتاوي الكاملة في الحوادث الطرابلسية لمحمد كامل مصطفي محمود الطرابلسي- مكتبه حقانيه (10) 

"سئلت عمن أحدث اثناء وضوئه هل يكفيه إتمامه لذلك الوضوء أويلزمه الاستيناف؟ فالجواب أنه يلزمه الاستيناف كما أفتى به شيخ الإسلام على أفندى، والله أعلم.

 

الأصل المعروف بالمبسوط للشيباني (1/ 57) 

قلت أرأيت الرعاف والريح والضحك في الصلاة هل ينقض الوضوء قال نعم

 

الأصل المعروف بالمبسوط للشيباني (1/ 63) 

ألا ترى أنه لو خرج من دبره ريح أعاد الوضوء

 

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 17) 

" المعاني الناقضة للوضوء كل ما يخرج من السبيلين " لقوله تعالى: {أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ مِنَ الْغَائِطِ} [النساء:43] وقيل لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ما الحدث قال: " ما يخرج من السبيلين " وكلمة ما عامة فتتناول المعتاد وغيره

 

المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (1/ 49)

وكذلك الريح الخارج من الدبر، واختلف المشايخ أن عين الريح نجس، أو هو طاهر إلا أنه يتنجس بمروره على النجاسة، قالوا: وفائدة هذا الخلاف إنما تظهر فيما إذا خرج منه الريح وعليه سراويل مبتلة هل تتنجس سراويله، فمن قال عينه نجس يقول تتنجس، ومن قال عينه ليس بنجس يقول لا تتنجس.

 

درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام (1/ 13) 

(وَ) خُرُوجُ (رِيحٍ أَوْ دُودَةٍ أَوْ حَصَاةٍ مِنْ الدُّبُرِ) ذَكَرَ الرِّيحَ لِأَنَّهُ خَارِجٌ مِنْهُ وَلَيْسَ بِنَجَسٍ مَعَ أَنَّهُ نَاقِضٌ لِمُجَاوَرَةِ النَّجَسِ

 

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (1/ 135) 

 (وَ) خُرُوجُ غَيْرِ نَجَسٍ مِثْلِ (رِيحٍ أَوْ دُودَةٍ أَوْ حَصَاةٍ مِنْ دُبُرٍ لَا) خُرُوجُ ذَلِكَ مِنْ جُرْحٍ، وَلَا خُرُوجُ (رِيحٍ مِنْ قُبُلِ) غَيْرِ مُفْضَاةٍ

--------------------------

(قَوْلُهُ: وَخُرُوجُ إلَخْ) عَطْفٌ عَلَى قَوْلِهِ خُرُوجُ كُلِّ خَارِجٍ (قَوْلُهُ: مِثْلُ رِيحٍ) فَإِنَّهَا تَنْقُضُ لِأَنَّهَا مُنْبَعِثَةٌ عَنْ مَحَلِّ النَّجَاسَةِ لَا لِأَنَّ عَيْنَهَا نَجِسَةٌ؛ لِأَنَّ الصَّحِيحَ أَنَّ عَيْنَهَا طَاهِرَةٌ، حَتَّى لَوْ لَبِسَ سَرَاوِيلَ مُبْتَلَّةً أَوْ ابْتَلَّ مِنْ أَلْيَتَيْهِ الْمَوْضِعُ الَّذِي تَمُرُّ بِهِ الرِّيحُ فَخَرَجَ الرِّيحُ لَا يَتَنَجَّسُ، وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الْعَامَّةِ. وَمَا نُقِلَ عَنْ الْحَلْوَانِيِّ مِنْ أَنَّهُ كَانَ لَا يُصَلَّى بِسَرَاوِيلِهِ فَوَرَعٌ مِنْهُ بَحْرٌ (قَوْلُهُ: مِنْ دُبُرٍ) وَكَذَا مِنْ ذَكَرٍ أَوْ فَرْجٍ فِي الدُّودَةِ وَالْحَصَاةِ بِالْإِجْمَاعِ كَمَا سَيَذْكُرُهُ الشَّارِحُ لِمَا عَلَيْهِمَا مِنْ النَّجَاسَةِ كَمَا اخْتَارَهُ الزَّيْلَعِيُّ أَوْ لِتَوَلُّدِ الدُّودَةِ مِنْ النَّجَاسَةِ كَمَا فِي الْبَدَائِعِ.

 

فتاوي دار العلوم ديوبند (1/130)

فتاوي محمودية (5/20)

 

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