Fatwa: # 46920
Category: Beliefs and Practices (Aq...
Date: 14th January 2021


Contradicting rulings regarding vinegar in Beheshti Zewar


In the English Beheshti Zewar kitab, it mentions under the topic of Istinja that vinegar is not allowed to use for istinja BECAUSE IT DOES NOT HAVE PURIFYING PROPERTIES. 

But in another place it says vinegar HAS purifying properties. 

Could Mufti Sab please help me reconcile between the two. 


n the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. 

As-salāmu 'alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

At the outset, one should note that the English Beheshti Zewar is a translation of the Urdu Beheshti Zehar. When there is a discrepancy in translation, we refer to the original. We were not able to locate the text where one should not use vinegar for Istinjaa in the Urdu copy of Beheshti Zewar. 

Nevertheless, your query pertains to two issues:

1.     Removal of a physical impurity from one's body, cloth etc. Such impurities may be purified by washing it with water or any pure liquid capable of removing the effects of that Najasah. Accordingly, vinegar may be used to remove such impurities.[1]

2.     Removal of Hadath (ritual impurity). Such a state of impurity can only be lifted by water. Therefore, vinegar cannot be used to perform wudhu and ghusl. 

3.     Istinjaa i.e., the act of cleansing oneself after relieving oneself. In principle, it is not permissible to use food for Istinjaa. Therefore, it is not permissible to use vinegar for Istinjaa even though it has purifying properties to remove physical impurities.[2]

In light of the above, it will be correct to say that though vinegar possesses purifying properties to remove physical impurities, it is not good enough to remove ritual impurity. Furthermore, due to being food, vinegar cannot be used for Istinjaa. 

And Allah Ta'āla Knows Best

Hasan Ahmed Razzak

Student – Darul Iftaa

Paterson, New Jersey, USA

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


20-05-1442| 04-01-2021



مختصر القدوري (ص: 21)

ويجوز تطهير النجاسة بالماء وبكل مائع طاهر يمكن إزالتها به كالخل وماء الورد


الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 36)

ويجوز تطهيرها بالماء وبكل مائع طاهر يمكن إزالتها به كالخل وماء الورد ونحوه مما إذا عصر إنعصر " وهذا عند أبي حنيفة وأبي يوسف رحمهما الله


الاختيار لتعليل المختار (1/ 35)

وبكل مائع طاهر كالخل (م زف) وماء الورد، فإن كان لها عين مرئية فطهارتها زوالها، ولا يضر بقاء أثر يشق زواله



مختصر القدوري (ص: 21)

ولا يستنجي بعظم ولا بروث ولا بطعام


الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 39)

ولا يستنجى بعظم ولا بروث " لأن النبي عليه الصلاة والسلام نهى عن ذلك ولو فعل يجزيه لحصول المقصود ومعنى النهي في الروث النجاسة وفي العظم كونه زاد الجن، " ولا " يستنجى " بطعام " لأنه إضاعة وإسراف


الجوهرة النيرة على مختصر القدوري (1/ 40)

(قَوْلُهُ: وَلَا يَسْتَنْجِي بِعَظْمٍ وَلَا بِرَوْثٍ وَلَا بِرَجِيعٍ وَلَا بِطَعَامٍ وَلَا بِيَمِينِهِ) يُكْرَهُ الِاسْتِنْجَاءُ بِثَلَاثَةَ عَشَرَ شَيْئًا بِالْعَظْمِ وَالرَّوْثِ وَالرَّجِيعِ وَالطَّعَامِ وَالْفَحْمِ وَالزُّجَاجِ وَالْوَرَقِ وَالْخَزَفِ وَالْقَصَبِ وَالشَّعْرِ وَالْقُطْنِ وَالْخِرْقَةِ وَعَلَفِ الْحَيَوَانِ مِثْلُ الْحَشِيشِ وَغَيْرِهِ فَإِنْ اسْتَنْجَى بِهَا أَجْزَأَهُ مَعَ الْكَرَاهَةِ لِحُصُولِ الْمَقْصُودِ


ملتقى الأبحر (ص: 100)

 وَلَا يستنجي بِعظم وروث وَطَعَام وَيَمِينه وَكره اسْتِقْبَال الْقبْلَة واستدبارها لبول وَنَحْوه وَلَو فِي الْخَلَاء




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