Fatwa: # 45003
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country: African Country
Date: 2nd May 2020

Title

Whatsapp group scheme - Is this permissible?

Question

There’s a what’s app group of 11 people

5 of those people (1,2,3,4,5) are people who came from another group and are OLD people, the person who is 1st is the one getting paid, so now for example just say I’m number 3 in the group, now I’ve already paid 200 rand to enter the group, now I’ll try and recruit you for instance, so now you’ll pay Eft to number one in the group to enter and then you’ll join the what’s app group and will be under the last 6 of the 11 of the group

And then the group splits after number 1 is paid 1200 in full

All odd numbers (3,5,7,9,11) go into another group

All even numbers (2,4,6,8,10) go into another group

So, then the first person in each of those groups will be then be paid by recruiting another 6 people

Basically, each member pays R200 as an entrance fee with the chance of earning R1200 should he be 1st in the group. Each member is also tasked to make others sign up for the same. Each time you convince someone to sign up, your own number moves up, making you closer to 1st and earn the R1200.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The scheme described contains many impermissible elements such as deception (gharar), gambling, ambiguity and conditional sales.[1] Accordingly, it is impermissible to take part and enter into such schemes.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Bilal Yusuf Pandor

Student Darul Iftaa

Lusaka, Zambia


Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 


الأصل للشيباني ط قطر (2/ 419) [1]

 وبلغنا عن رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - إنه نهى عن شرى حَبَل الحَبَلَة (3)، ونهى عن بيع الغرر (4). وهذا عندنا عن رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم -[نهيٌ] عن شرى اللبن في الضروع وشرى حَبَل الحَبَلَة (5)

 

البناية شرح الهداية (8/ 158)

م: (ولأن فيه) ش: أي ولأن في كل واحد من هذه البيوع م: (تعليقا) ش: أي تعليق التمليك م: (بالخطر) ش: وفي " المغرب "، الخطر: الإشراف على الهلاك، قالت الشراح: وفيه معنى القمار لأن التمليك لا يحتمل التعليق لإفضائه إلى معنى القمار

 

المبسوط للسرخسي (13/ 13)

حدثني عمرو بن شعيب عن أبيه عن جده أن النبي - صلى الله عليه وسلم - نهى عن بيع وشرط

 

فقه البيوع (2/ 812)

إن كان بيع المنتج مشروطا بأن يدخل المشترى في شبكة التسويق، فهذا البيع فاسد، لاشتراط ما لا بقتضيه العقد.a

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