Fatwa: # 44865
Category: Fasting (Sawm)
Country: African Country
Date: 20th April 2020

Title

Can one use an asthma inhaler or pump while fasting?

Question

If I have an Asthma attack can I use an asthma inhaler or pump while fasting? Will my fast break and what will be the penalty. Kaffarah or Qadha?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Asthma pump is specifically designed to pass the medication through ones throat. Using the asthma inhaler during fast without any need for it, will invalidate the fast and a Qadha along with a Kaffarah will have to be kept for the invalidated fast. However, if the inhaler is used in case of an asthma attack, then only a Qadha will be wajib without kaffarah.[1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Ahmad Patel

Student Darul Iftaa

South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


[1]

أو دخل حلقه دخان بلا صنعه" لعدم قدرته على الامتناع عنه فصار كبلل بقي في فمه بعد المضمضة لدخوله من الأنف إذا أطبق الفم وفيما ذكرنا إشارة إلى أنه من أدخل بصنعه دخانا حلقه بأي صورة كان الإدخال فسد صومه سواء كان دخان عنبرا أو عودا أو غيرهما حتى من تبخر ببخور فآواه إلى نفسه واشتم دخانه ذاكرا لصومه أفطر لإمكان التحرز عن إدخال المفطر جوفه ودماغه وهذا مما يغفل عنه كثير من الناس فلينبه له ولا يتوهم أنه كشم الورود ومائه والمسك لوضوح الفرق بين هواء تطيب بريح المسك وشبهه وبين جوهر دخان وصل إلى جوفه بفعله    (حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 660))

 

(أو دواء) ما يتداوى به والضابط وصول ما فيه صلاح بدنه لجوفه ومنه ريق حبيبه فيكفر لوجود معنى صلاح البدن فيه دراية وغيرها (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 410)) 

 

"وغير مضطر" إذا المضطر لا كفارة عليه "لزمه القضاء" استدراكا للمصلحة الفائتة (حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 664))

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