Fatwa: # 44815
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country:
Date: 20th April 2020

Title

How many people are needed for Jumu’ah Salaah to be valid?

Question

In an Islamic book, i have found that jumma prayer can be prayed in jamaat, if only 2 persons are available.Again in another website,i saw that at least 3 persons are needed.Now what is the correct view about it?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

We commend you on your zeal for knowledge. However, the knowledge of Deen is very sacred and must be sought from authentic sources. The information found on google and the internet are not always authentic. Taking knowledge of Deen from random places can confuse a person, rather than guide him. Muhammed Bin Sireen (Rahmatullahi Alaih) has advised:

(إن هذا العلم دين فانظروا عن من تأخذوا دينكم (مقدمه صحيح مسلم

Translation: “Certainly this knowledge is Deen, so be wary from who you take your Deen from.”

The preferred view according to the Hanafi Madhab is that there must be a minimum of four adult males for the Jumu’ah Salaah to be valid i.e. the Imam and three followers. The Jumu’ah Salaah must also be preceded by a Khutbah. If these conditions are not found, the Jumu’ah Salaah will not be valid.[i]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 


[i] الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 136)

بَابُ الْجُمُعَةِ.. (هِيَ فَرْضُ) عَيْنٍ (يَكْفُرُ جَاحِدُهَا) لِثُبُوتِهَا بِالدَّلِيلِ الْقَطْعِيِّ كَمَا حَقَّقَهُ الْكَمَالُ وَهِيَ فَرْضٌ مُسْتَقِلٌّ آكَدُ مِنْ الظُّهْرِ...(وَ) الرَّابِعُ: (الْخُطْبَةُ فِيهِ) فَلَوْ خَطَبَ قَبْلَهُ وَصَلَّى فِيهِ لَمْ تَصِحَّ. (وَ) الْخَامِسُ: (كَوْنُهَا قَبْلَهَا) لِأَنَّ شَرْطَ الشَّيْءِ سَابِقٌ عَلَيْهِ (بِحَضْرَةِ جَمَاعَةٍ تَنْعَقِدُ) الْجُمُعَةُ (بِهِمْ وَلَوْ) كَانُوا (صُمًّا أَوْ نِيَامًا فَلَوْ خَطَبَ وَحْدَهُ لَمْ يَجُزْ عَلَى الْأَصَحِّ) كَمَا فِي الْبَحْرِ عَنْ الظَّهِيرِيَّةِ لِأَنَّ الْأَمْرَ بِالسَّعْيِ لِلذِّكْرِ لَيْسَ إلَّا لِاسْتِمَاعِهِ وَالْمَأْمُورُ جَمْعٌ. وَجَزَمَ فِي الْخُلَاصَةِ بِأَنَّهُ يَكْفِي حُضُورُ وَاحِدٍ (وَكَفَتْ تَحْمِيدَةٌ أَوْ تَهْلِيلَةٌ أَوْ تَسْبِيحَةٌ) لِلْخُطْبَةِ الْمَفْرُوضَةِ مَعَ الْكَرَاهَةِ وَقَالَا: لَا بُدَّ مِنْ ذِكْرٍ طَوِيلٍ وَأَقَلُّهُ قَدْرُ التَّشَهُّدِ الْوَاجِبِ (بِنِيَّتِهَا، فَلَوْ حَمِدَ لِعُطَاسِهِ) أَوْ تَعَجُّبًا (لَمْ يَنُبْ عَنْهَا عَلَى الْمَذْهَبِ) كَمَا فِي التَّسْمِيَةِ عَلَى الذَّبِيحَةِ، لَكِنَّهُ ذَكَرَ فِي الذَّبَائِحِ أَنَّهُ يَنُوبُ فَتَأَمَّلْ

(وَ) السَّادِسُ: (الْجَمَاعَةُ) وَأَقَلُّهَا ثَلَاثَةُ رِجَالٍ (وَلَوْ غَيْرَ الثَّلَاثَةِ الَّذِينَ حَضَرُوا) الْخُطْبَةَ (سِوَى الْإِمَامِ) بِالنَّصِّ لِأَنَّهُ لَا بُدَّ مِنْ الذَّاكِرِ وَهُوَ الْخَطِيبُ وَثَلَاثَةٌ سِوَاهُ بِنَصِّ - {فَاسْعَوْا إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ} [الجمعة: 9]

 

حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 506)

"ويشترط لصحتها" أي صلاة الجمعة "ستة أشياء" … "و" السادس "الجماعة" لأن الجمعة مشتقة منها ولأن العلماء أجمعوا على أنها لا تصح من المنفرد "و" واختلفوا في تقدير الجماعة فعندنا "هم ثلاثة رجال" وإن لم يحضروا الخطبة  … "غير الإمام" عند الإمام الأعظم ومحمد وقال أبو يوسف اثنان سوى الإمام لما في المثنى من معنى الاجتماع ولهما إن الجمع الصحيح إنما هو الثلاثة "

كتاب النوازل 5/178

الجواب وباللّٰہ التوفیق: جمعہ کے قیام کے لئے کم از کم امام کے علاوہ تین مقتدیوں کا ہونا ضروری ہے جو خطبہ وجماعت میں شامل رہیں۔

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