Fatwa: # 44518
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country:
Date: 12th May 2020

Title

Can I touch the Qur’ān without Wuḍū’?

Question

Asalaamu alaikum,  is touching the quran directly without wudu jaiz using the ayat لا يمسه إلّا المطهرون as dalek saying this refers to Angels and if it is not jaiz how do I explain this to a person who doesnt follow mathabs

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The science of tafsīr and deriving legislation from the Qurʾān is intricate. Understanding the verses according to the context in which they were revealed is very important and ensures that one will properly comprehend their meanings. Moreover, their meanings are not necessarily limited to those contexts but may be generalized extending to the entire ummah. The four madhhabs have a consensus that it is not permissible to touch the Qur’ān without wuḍū’. Allāh states in the Qur’ān,

لا يمسه إلّا المطهرون – سورة الواقعة ٧٩

Translation: “No one should touch it (the Qur’ān), except the pure ones.”

Nowhere in this verse does it mention that this verse is referring to the angels. Yes, one of the interpretations of this verse is that it is referring to angels and they are the only ones who can touch the Qur’ān which resides in the Lauḥ al-Maḥfūẓ (preserved tablet). However, this is not the majority opinion. The vast majority of fuqahā’ have understood the above-mentioned verse to be discussing the muṣḥaf (physical written copy of the Qur’ān) and those who are in the state of major or minor impurity should not touch it.[1] 

That being said, even this interpretation does not deny that the Qur’ān should not be touched without wuḍū’. The meaning of this verse will not be limited to the angels; but can be generalized and extended to the entire ummah, as the majority of fuqahā’ have understood it. This practice is supported and in conformity with aḥādīth and the practice of Ṣaḥābah. See the following ḥadīth,

لا يمس القران إلا طاهر – أخرجه سنن أبي داود وغيره

Translation: “No one should touch the Qur’ān except one who is pure (free from ritual impurities).”- Sunan Abū Dāwūd and others.[2]

We should not just derive juristic rulings based on our incomplete understanding. We must revert to the mujtahidīn a’immah, and understand our religion in the same manner as it has been passed down from them. It would be an insult to our faith to think that those who preserved it have all failed to understand something so pertinent in our faith.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Abrar Habib

Student - Darul Iftaa

New York City, New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

17-09-1441|10-05-2020

 


[1]  زاد المسير في علم التفسير (4/ 228)

قوله عزّ وجلّ: لا يَمَسُّهُ إِلَّا الْمُطَهَّرُونَ من قال: إنَّه اللوح المحفوظ، فالمطهرون عنده: الملائكة، وهذا قول ابن عباس، وعكرمة، ومجاهد وسعيد بن جبير. فعلى هذا يكون الكلام خبراً

ومن قال: هو المصحف، ففي المطهرين أربعة أقوال: أحدها: أنهم المطهرون من الأحداث، قاله الجمهور. فيكون ظاهر الكلام النفي، ومعناه النهي. والثاني: المطهرون من الشرك، قاله ابن السائب.

والثالث: المطهرون من الذنوب والخطايا، قاله الربيع بن أنس. والرابع: أن معنى الكلام: لا يجد طعمه ونفعه إلا من آمن به، حكاه الفراء

 

[2] سنن أبي داود ط-أخرى (2/ 195)

 حدثنا القعنبي، عن مالك، عن عبد الله بن أبي بكر بن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم، أن في الكتاب الذي، كتبه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لعمرو بن حزم ألا يمس القرآن إلا طاهر

 

موطأ مالك رواية محمد بن الحسن الشيباني (ص: 106)

أخبرنا مالك، أخبرنا عبد الله بن أبي بكر بن محمد بن عمرو بن حزم، قال: إن في الكتاب الذي كتبه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لعمرو بن حزم: لا يمس القرآن إلا طاهر

 

 

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