Fatwa: # 43086
Category: Beliefs and Practices (Aq...
Country:
Date: 30th November -0001

Title

Question

If Surah al-Alaq was revealed first, why is Surah Fatiha first in the Quran?

Do you know If Surah al-Alaq was revealed first, why is Surah Fatiha first in the Quran? if you interested in that so visit this link and you can learn many more things.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

To understand the sequence of Surahs in the Quraan-e-Kareem. It is important to first understand the manner of revelation and the method that was adopted in compiling the Quraan-e-Kareem.

Revelation of the Quraan-e-Kareem

It is well known that the Quraan-e-Kareem was revealed over a period of 23 years[i]. As opposed to the previous divine scriptures, the Quraan-e-Kareem was not revealed all at once as a single book or compilation. Allah Ta’ala chose to reveal the Quraan-e-Kareem to Nabi (Sallallahu Alahi Wasallam) step by step based on the corresponding situations that arose and to enable gradual implementation of prescribed laws. Revelation in stages also created a constant link between Allah Ta’ala and Rasullulah (Sallallahu Alahi Wasallam) giving moral support in times of need and distress. Allah Taála explains the reason in the Quraan-e-Kareem:

{ وَقُرْآنًا فَرَقْنَاهُ لِتَقْرَأَهُ عَلَى النَّاسِ عَلَى مُكْثٍ وَنَزَّلْنَاهُ تَنْزِيلًا} [الإسراء: 106]

Translation: We have divided the Quraan-e-Kareem (into verses and surahs) so that you (O Muhammad Sallallahu Alahi Wasallam) may recite it steadily (at intervals) to the people (so that they may understand and learn it)

Compilation (sequence) of Surahs in the Quraan-e-Kareem:

Whenever new verses were revealed, Nabi (Sallallahu Alahi Wasallam) would call for a scribe to write it down. Then he would point out the position of each verse in its relevant Surah. Consider the following hadith:

قَالَ عُثْمَانُ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِمَّا يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ الآيَاتُ فَيَدْعُو بَعْضَ مَنْ كَانَ يَكْتُبُ لَهُ وَيَقُولُ لَهُ ‏ "‏ ضَعْ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ فِي السُّورَةِ الَّتِي يُذْكَرُ فِيهَا كَذَا وَكَذَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَتَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ الآيَةُ وَالآيَتَانِ فَيَقُولُ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ وَكَانَتِ الأَنْفَالُ مِنْ أَوَّلِ مَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِ بِالْمَدِينَةِ وَكَانَتْ بَرَاءَةُ مِنْ آخِرِ مَا نَزَلَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ وَكَانَتْ قِصَّتُهَا شَبِيهَةً بِقِصَّتِهَا فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّهَا مِنْهَا فَمِنْ هُنَاكَ وَضَعْتُهُمَا فِي السَّبْعِ الطُّوَلِ وَلَمْ أَكْتُبْ بَيْنَهُمَا سَطْرَ ‏{‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏}‏ ‏.‏                                                (Sunan Abi Dawud  Book 2, Hadith 396)                                                                                                                 Translation: Hazrath Uthman (Radhiyallahu Anhu) replied: When the verses of the Quraan-e-Kareem were revealed to Rasullulah (Sallallahu Alahi Wasallam), he called someone to write them down for him and said to him: Put this verse in the surah in which such and such has been mentioned; and when one or two verses were revealed, he used to say similarly (regarding them). (Surah) Al-Anfal is the first urah that was revealed at Medina Shareef, and (Surah) Al-Bara'ah was revealed last in the Quraan-e-Kareem, and its contents were similar to those of Al-Anfal. I, therefore, thought that it was a part of l-Anfal. Hence, I put them in the category of as-sab'u at-tiwal (the seven lengthy surahs), and I did not write "In the name of Allah Ta’ala, the Compassionate, the Merciful" between them.

It is clear from the above that the sequence of revelation of the Quraan-e-Kareem and sequence of compilation were different. Allah Ta’ala is Al-Hakeem (ALL WISE). Every order of Allah Ta’ala is based on wisdom.  

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best

M. Akhtar

Student Darul Iftaa
South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 


علوم القران (An introduction to the sciences of the Quraan-e-kareem  [i]

 

البرهان في علوم القرآن (1/ 38)

 أن ترتيب السور توقيفي وهذا الراجح

 

علوم القرآن الكريم - نور الدين عتر (ص: 42)

وأما

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]