Fatwa: # 43034
Category: Business Matters
Country:
Date: 6th September 2019

Title

Zakat on loan

Question

I have to pay laon total amount of 14000 Australain dollars to bank . it was used through credit cards

do i need to pay zakat if i am owing laon to bank 

zakatable amount is less than loan amount 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, Zakat is compulsory upon a person who possesses the amount of Nisaab for a whole year, over and above ones basic needs and after fulfilling his debts. The Nisaab of Zakat is 612.35g of silver or its equivalent in Australian dollars.[1]

In the enquired scenario, you refer to owing the bank 14000 Australian dollars. If after deducting the loan amount from your total Zakatable assets equate to Nisaab, then Zakat is compulsory.[2] Therefore, if your loan amount exceeds your total Zakatable assets, then Zakat is not compulsory.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Ahmed-Ur-Rahmaan Ibn Mufti Mohammed Patel (Rahmatullah Alaih)

Student Darul Iftaa

Azaadville, Johannesburg, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 


 كتاب الفتاوى (ج3 ص262) [1]

 

زكاة كے  مسائل انسائيکلوپيڈيا (ص 481)

 

كنز الدقائق (ص: 203) [2]

وشرط وجوبها العقل والبلوغ والإسلام والحرّيّة، وملك نصابٍ حوليٍّ فارغٍ عن الدّين وحاجته الأصليّة نامٍ، ولو تقديرًا

 

(1/ 414)النهر الفائق شرح كنز الدقائق

(فارغ عن الدين) لأن المشغول بالحاجة الأصلية كالمعدوم وأراد به ماله مطالب من جهة العباد سواء كان حقاً لله تعالى كدين العشر والخراج وزكاة السائمة والتجارة لما أن للإمام أخذها من الآبي جبراً بعد تعزيره أو للعبد أصاله

 

 (2/ 260)رد المحتار - ط. بابي الحلبي

قوله ( فارغ عن دين ) بالجر صفة نصاب وأطلقه فشمل الدين العارض كما يذكره الشارح ويأتي بيانه وهذا إذا كان الدين في ذمته قبل وجوب الزكاة فلو لحقه بعده لم تسقط الزكاة لأنها ثبتت في ذمته فلا يسقطها ما لحق من الدين بعد ثبوتها جوهرة

 

احسن الفتاوى (ج4  ص 260)

 

فتاوي محمودية (ج 14 ص 37)

 

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