Fatwa: # 42482
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country:
Date: 10th February 2020

Title

Having difficulty making Sajdah, is one allowed to sit & make Sajdah?

Question

Assalaamu `alaykum.

I wish to ask a question on behalf of my wife. She is struggling with the sajdah part of salah as a result of an injury to her knee and I was hoping you could claify the ruling regarding sitting and praying. She is in pain when she bends her knee and she has tried to pray in the required manner but then struggles to get up.

Is she required to pray the salah standing and sit down on a chair for the sajdah portion or does she have to pray the whole salah sitting until she is better? Or is there a different method she has to follow?

Please can you help provide an answer for this.

Jzk.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, when one is unable to perform sajdah in alāh but is able to stand then the following rules apply:

1)    Qiyām (standing posture) is not obligatory on him.

2)     He will perform the rukūʿ (bowing down) and sajdah (prostration) by gesture in such a way that the gesture for sajdah is lower than the gesture for rukūʿ.

If one does not make his gesture for sajdah lower than the gesture for rukūʿ, the alāh will not be valid. However, if one is unable to make the sajdah lower than the rukūʿ, his alāh will be valid.

Accordingly, your mother has the following options when performing her alāh:

1)    She may perform the entire alāh, including the gestures for rukūʿ and sajdah standing up.

2)    She may perform the qiyām and rukūʿ standing up and then sit down to perform the gesture for sajdah.

3)    She may perform the entire alāh (including the gestures for rukūʿ and sajdah) sitting down.

It is best to sit down and perform the entire alāh.[1]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Abrar Habib

Student - Darul Iftaa

New York City, New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

04-06-1441|29-01-2020

 


[1]  الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 97)

(قوله بل تعذر السجود كاف) نقله في البحر عن البدائع وغيرها. وفي الذخيرة: رجل بحلقه خراج إن سجد سال وهو قادر على الركوع والقيام والقراءة يصلي قاعدا يومئ؛ ولو صلى قائما بركوع وقعد وأومأ بالسجود أجزأه، والأول أفضل لأن القيام والركوع لم يشرعا قربة بنفسهما، بل ليكونا وسيلتين إلى السجود. اهـ.

 

مجمع الأنهر في شرح ملتقى الأبحر (1/ 154)

(وإن قدر على القيام وعجز عن الركوع والسجود يومئ قاعدا) لأن ركنية القيام لكونه وسيلة إلى السجود الذي هو نهاية التعظيم فيسقط الوسيلة لسقوط الأصل. (وهو) أي الإيماء قاعدا (أفضل من الإيماء قائما) لكون رأسه فيه أقرب إلى الأرض قال شيخ الإسلام: يومئ للركوع قائما والسجود قاعدا. وقال زفر والشافعي: يصلي قائما بالإيماء كما في التبيين

 

النهر الفائق شرح كنز الدقائق (1/ 336)

(وإن تعذر) عليه (الركوع والسجود) أو السجود فقط كما مر (لا القيام أومأ) أي: جاز الإيماء للركوع والسجود حال كونه (قاعدًا) بل هو الأفضل لأنه أشبه بالسجود وركنيه القيام للتوصل إليه فلا يجب دونه وهذا أولى من قول بعضهم صلى قاعدًا إذ يفترض عليه أن يقوم للقراءة فإذا جاء أوان الركوع والسجود أومأ قاعدًا

 

فتاوى حقانيہ، ج-٣، ص-٣٣٤

الجواب : ۔ اگر شخص سجدہ پر قادر نہیں تو اس سے قیام ساقط ہے …لهذا  يہ شخص بیٹھ کر رکوع اورسجدہ اشارہ سے پڑھے کينوکہ کھڑے ہونے کی بجائے بیٹھ کرا اشارہ کرنا زمين کی نزدیک سے اشارہ کرتے وقت سجدہ کیلئے رکوع کی بہ نسبت ذرا نیچے ایک اشارہ كرہے ۔ 

 

 

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