Fatwa: # 42112
Category: Beliefs and Practices (Aq...
Country:
Date: 20th March 2019

Title

Can I appoint another person to perform Qurbani on my behalf?

Question

I am a weak hearted person so in eidulazha I dont do qurbani but let someone else in madarsa back home do it for me.  I accept the qurbani as sunna of rasuallah saw but at the same time I cannot bear to watch a living creature die.  Am I out of the fold of Islam for not doing qurbani?  I just cannot watch blood being spilled over its too much. 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is mustahab (preferable) for the person doing Qurbani to slaughter the animal with his own hands. If one is unable to do so, he should at least be present in the place where the Qurbani is done. The Qurbani will be valid. One will not be out of the fold of Islam if he/she does not slaughter the animal himself/herself. [1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad I.V Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

_______


[1] بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (5/ 67) 

(وَمِنْهَا) أَنَّهُ تُجْزِئُ فِيهَا النِّيَابَةُ فَيَجُوزُ لِلْإِنْسَانِ أَنْ يُضَحِّيَ بِنَفْسِهِ وَبِغَيْرِهِ بِإِذْنِهِ؛ لِأَنَّهَا قُرْبَةٌ تَتَعَلَّقُ بِالْمَالِ فَتُجْزِئُ فِيهَا النِّيَابَةُ كَأَدَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ وَصَدَقَةِ الْفِطْرِ؛ وَلِأَنَّ كُلَّ أَحَدٍ لَا يَقْدِرُ عَلَى مُبَاشَرَةِ الذَّبْحِ بِنَفْسِهِ خُصُوصًا النِّسَاءَ

 

الفتاوى الهندية - ط. دار الفكر (5/ 294)

وَمِنْهَا أَنَّهُ تَجْرِي فيها النِّيَابَةُ فَيَجُوزُ لِلْإِنْسَانِ أَنْ يُضَحِّيَ بِنَفْسِهِ أو بِغَيْرِهِ بِإِذْنِهِ لِأَنَّهَا قُرْبَةٌ تَتَعَلَّقُ بِالْمَالِ فَتَجْرِي فيها النِّيَابَةُ سَوَاءٌ كان الْمَأْذُونُ مُسْلِمًا أو كِتَابِيًّا

 

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (6/ 328)

 (وأن يذبح بيده إن علم ذلك وإلا) يعلمه (شهدها) بنفسه ويأمر غيره بالذبح كي لا يجعلها ميتة

(قوله شهدها بنفسه) لما روى الكرخي بإسناده إلى عمران بن الحصين قال رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم -«قومي يا فاطمة فاشهدي أضحيتك فإنه يغفر لك بأول قطرة من دمها كل ذنب عملته وقولي - {إن صلاتي ونسكي ومحياي ومماتي لله رب العالمين} [الأنعام: 162] {لا شريك له} [الأنعام: 163]-» أتقاني (قوله كي لا يجعلها ميتة) علة لعدم ذبحها بيده المفهوم من قوله شهدها ويأمر غيره

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