Fatwa: # 42098
Category: Charity, Obligatory (Zakaat)
Country:
Date: 31st March 2019

Title

Giving zakat money for a feeding scheme

Question

Assalamu alaikum 

Hazrat Mufti saheb 

There is a widow who needs food to run her feeding scheme? 

Will it be permissible for me to give her in kind but as zakaat? 

Jazakallah 

May Allah reward and bless Mufti saheb 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Zakat can only be given to Muslims.[1] If the feeding scheme caters for poor Muslim’s only, then you may give the widow your zakat in kind and appoint her as your representative[2] to discharge your obligation of zakat.

However, keep in mind that it is a fundamental requirement that the needy person is made the owner of the zakat given to him.[3] Therefore, one cannot simply permit a needy person to eat food and regard that as zakat. Distinguishing between permitting someone to eat and making someone an owner of the food is essential. A suitable alternative would be to distribute food hampers to the poor.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Aboobakr Siddeeq bin Mufti Amjad Mohammad

Student Darul Iftaa

Azaadville, Johannesburg, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

________


[1] الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار (ص: 138)

 (ولا) تدفع (إلى ذمي) لحديث معاذ

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (1/ 111)

ولا يجوز أن يدفع الزكاة إلى ذمي " لقوله عليه الصلاة والسلام لمعاذ رضي الله عنه " خذها من أغنيائهم وردها في فقرائهم ".

الاختيار لتعليل المختار (1/ 120)

قال: (ولا يدفعها إلى ذمي) لقوله - عليه الصلاة والسلام -: «أمرت أن آخذها من أغنيائكم وأردها على فقرائكم»

 

[2] الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار (ص: 504)

إذا وكله (في دفع زكاة) فوكل آخر ثم وثم فدفع الاخير جاز ولا يتوقف

الجوهرة النيرة على مختصر القدوري (1/ 115)

إذا وكل في أداء الزكاة أجزأته النية عند الدفع إلى الوكيل فإن لم ينو عند التوكيل ونوى عند دفع الوكيل جاز

 

[3] درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام (1/ 171)

لأن الزكاة يجب فيها تمليك المال

الفتاوى الهندية - ط. دار الفكر (1/ 170)

كتاب الزكاة وفيه ثمانية أبواب   الباب الأول في تفسيرها وصفتها وشرائطها  أما تفسيرها فهي تمليك المال من فقير مسلم

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