Fatwa: # 42052
Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings...
Country:
Date: 10th April 2019

Title

Praying on a Bus

Question

Salaam respected Ulema, I am a resident of Lahore and am currently a hostellite in Islamabad. I travel frequently between Lahore and Islamabad through bus. My question is while I am on the bus, will I be considered a musafir? I am asking this since Lahore is my permeant residence and I stay at Islamabad for more than 15 days.

My second question is that is it allowed to offer Salah on a moving bus, since the bus has its designated route and stops at only one service area and the time for a particular Salah may elapse while one is on the  bus. A follow-up question is how one can offer Salah in a moving bus, when there is not enough space to stand and also the direction of qiblah keeps changing.

May Allah accept your efforts.

Jazak’Allah.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1.      You will be considered a musafir while traveling on the bus until you reach Islamabad.[1]

2.      In the scenario described, you should pray while sitting on your seat and repeat the prayer after you disembark from the bus.[2]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Tahmid Chowdhury

Student Darul Iftaa

New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

_____


[1]

الأصل ج١ ص٢٣٢ ط دار ابن حزم

قلت: فإن كان بينه وبين المصر الذي خرج إليه فرسخ أو أقل من ذلك وهو يريد المقام فيه أيصلي صلاة مسافر أو صلاة مقيم؟ قال: بل صلاة مسافر حتى يدخلها

[2]

الأصل ج١ ص٢٦٩ ط دار ابن حزم

وقال أبو يوسف ومحمد: لا يجزيهم إذا كانوا يستطيعون القيام أن يصلوا قعودا. قلت: أرأيت الرجل إذا صلى بالقوم في سفينة وهي تدور في الماء؟ قال: عليهم أن يتوجهوا إلى القبلة كلما دارت بهم السفينة. قلت: أرأيت الرجل إذا صلى في السفينة أين يسجد؟ قال: يسجد في المكان الذي يصلي فيه. قلت: أرأيت مسافرا صلى في السفينة تطوعا يومئ إيماء حيث توجهت به السفينة؟ قال: لا يجزيه، وعليه أن يقضيها. قلت: لم؟ قال: لأنه دخل فيها وأوجبها على نفسه، ثم أفسدها بعد ذلك حين أومأ وصلى لغير القبلة، فعليه أن يعيد الصلاة

 

الدر المختار ص٣٩ ط دار الكتب العلمية

(والمحصور فاقد) الماء والتراب (الطهورين) بأن حبس في مكان نجس ولا يمكنه إخراج تراب مطهر، وكذا العاجز عنهما لمرض (يؤخرها عنده وقالا: يتشبه) بالمصلين وجوبا، فيركع ويسجد، إن وجد مكانا يابسا وإلا يومئ قائما ثم يعيد كالصوم (به يفتى وإليه صح رجوعه) أي الامام كما في الفيض

 

أحسن الفتاوى ج٤ ص٨٨ 

 

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