Fatwa: # 41713
Category: Divorce (Talaaq)
Country: United Kingdom
Date: 24th February 2019

Title

Is my marriage annulled?

Question

Salaam

If a husband tells everyone his marriage is annulled but has not said Talaq to the wife just told her to go back to her parents house does that mean she is divorced? 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If a person uttered clear and explicit words of divorce, for example, I divorce you or talaq etc, then that constitutes talaq e raj’i (revocable divorce). There is no need for intention in such a divorce.

If a person uttered ambigious words/statements for example: go back to your parents’ home etc, then talaq will take place if he intended divorce. In that instance, it will be a talaq e baa’in (an irrevocable divorce). A talaq e baa’in terminates the nikah. [i]  [ii]

In the enquired situation, the husband’s statement to his wife “go back to your parents’ house” will depend on his intention. If he intended divorce, then only talaq baa’in will take place.[iii]

The husband must fear Allah and be truthful in what his intention was at the time of making the statement. This is an issue of halaal and haraam.

A fatwa or deception in intention cannot make a haraam into halaal.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mahmood Baig

Student Darul Iftaa

Jeddah, KSA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

_______


[i] تبيين الحقائق شرح كنز الدقائق (6/ 274)

( بَابُ الْكِنَايَاتِ ) .

قَالَ رَحِمَهُ اللَّهُ ( لَا تَطْلُقُ بِهَا إلَّا بِنِيَّتِهِ أَوْ دَلَالَةِ الْحَالِ ) أَيْ لَا تَطْلُقُ بِالْكِنَايَاتِ إلَّا بِأَحَدِ هَذَيْنِ الْأَمْرَيْنِ ؛ لِأَنَّ أَلْفَاظَ الْكِنَايَاتِ غَيْرُ مُخْتَصَّةٍ بِالطَّلَاقِ بَلْ تَحْتَمِلُهُ وَغَيْرَهُ فَلَا بُدَّ مِنْ الْمُرَجِّحِ ،.....

 

[ii]  فتاوی دار العلوم دیوبند جلد 9،ص۳۰۲
- مؤلف : حضرت مولانا مفتی عزيز الرحمن صاحب عثمانی

 

البتہ یہ کہنا شوہر کا کہ تو میرے گھر سے نکل جا الخ یہ لفظ کنایہ طلاق کا ہے اس میں نیت کا اعتبار ہوتا ہے ۔ پس اگر شوہر نے الفاظ مذکورہ بہ نیت طلاق کہے ہیں تو اس کی زوجہ پر ایک طلاق بائنہ واقع ہوگی اور تجدید نکاح عورت کی رضا مندی سے ہوسکتی ہے ۔ حلالہ کی ضرورت نہیں ہے اور اگر عورت راضی نہ ہو اور دوسرے شخص سے نکاح کرنا چاہے تو کر سکتی ہے بعد عدت کے ۔ فقط۔

 

  [iii]الأصل للشيباني ط قطر (4/ 451)

باب ما تقع (6) به الفرقة مما يشبه الطلاق من الكلام

وإذا (7) قال الرجل لامرأته: أنت علي حرام، فإنه يسأل عن نيته. فإن نوى الطلاق فهي طالق. ويسأل: كم نويت من الطلاق. فإن نوى واحدة فواحدة بائن. وإن نوى ثنتين فهي واحدة بائنة؛ لأنها كلمة واحدة، فلا تكون (8) ثنتين. فإن نوى ثلاثاً فهي ثلاث؛ لأنها كلمة جامعة. ولا تحل له حتى تنكح زوجاً غيره. فإن نوى الطلاق ولم ينو عدداً منه فهي واحدة بائنة. وإن لم ينو الطلاق فهو مولي، إن جامعها كفر عن يمينه.

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]