Category: Prayer (Salaat)
Fatwa#: 41699
Asked Country: India

Answered Date: Jan 04,2019

Title: Sun rises whilst performing the Fajr Salaah

Question

Is my prayer valid if sun rises while I'm praying the last raka'ah of Fajr prayer? Or Should I offer a kazaa prayer for it? 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Allah Ta’ala states in the Quraan:

إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَّوْقُوتًا

Translation: Indeed Salaah has been made obligatory for the believers at fixed hours.

(Surah Al-Nisaa, Verse 103)

According to the Hanafi Madhab, if one is performing the Fajr Salaah and the sun rises, the Salaah will be void. One will have to make Qadha of the Fajr Salaah. [1]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad I.V Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


الأصل المعروف بالمبسوط للشيباني (1/ 153) [1]

قلت فَإِن طلعت الشَّمْس وَقد بَقِي عَلَيْهِ من الْفجْر رَكْعَة قَالَ صلَاته فَاسِدَة وَعَلِيهِ أَن يسْتَقْبل الْفجْر إِذا ارْتَفَعت الشَّمْس وابيضت قلت أَرَأَيْت إِن فرغ من الصَّلَاة وَقد قعد قدر التَّشَهُّد ثمَّ طلعت الشَّمْس قبل أَن يسلم قَالَ صلَاته فَاسِدَة وَعَلِيهِ أَن يُعِيد إِذا ارْتَفَعت الشَّمْس فِي قَول أبي حنيفَة وَقَالَ أَبُو يُوسُف وَمُحَمّد إِذا قعد قدر التَّشَهُّد ثمَّ طلعت الشَّمْس فَإِن صلَاته تَامَّة

 

المبسوط للسرخسي (1/ 152)

لَوْ طَلَعَتْ الشَّمْسُ وَهُوَ فِي خِلَالِ الْفَجْرِ فَسَدَتْ صَلَاتُهُ عِنْدَنَا

وَالْفَرْقُ بَيْنَهُمَا عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ بِالْغُرُوبِ يَدْخُلُ وَقْتُ الْفَرْضِ فَلَا يَكُونُ مُنَافِيًا لِلْفَرْضِ وَبِالطُّلُوعِ لَا يَدْخُلُ وَقْتُ الْفَرْضِ فَكَانَ مُفْسِدًا لِلْفَرْضِ كَخُرُوجِ وَقْتِ الْجُمُعَةِ فِي خِلَالِهَا مُفْسِدٌ لِلْجُمُعَةِ؛ لِأَنَّهُ لَا يَدْخُلُ وَقْتُ مِثْلِهَا، قَالَ وَالْأَصَحُّ عِنْدِي فِي الْفَرْقِ أَنَّ الطُّلُوعَ بِظُهُورِ حَاجِبِ الشَّمْسِ وَبِهِ لَا تَنْتَفِي الْكَرَاهَةُ بَلْ تَتَحَقَّقُ فَكَانَ مُفْسِدًا لِلْفَرْضِ، وَالْغُرُوبُ بِآخِرِهِ وَبِهِ تَنْتَفِي الْكَرَاهَةُ فَلَمْ يَكُنْ مُفْسِدًا لِلْعَصْرِ لِهَذَا، وَتَأْوِيلُ الْحَدِيثِ أَنَّهُ لِبَيَانِ الْوُجُوبِ بِإِدْرَاكِ جُزْءٍ مِنْ الْوَقْتِ قَلَّ أَوْ كَثُرَ، وَعَنْ أَبِي يُوسُفَ أَنَّ الْفَجْرَ لَا يَفْسُدُ بِطُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَلَكِنَّهُ يَصْبِرُ حَتَّى إذَا ارْتَفَعَتْ الشَّمْسُ أَتَمَّ صَلَاتَهُ وَكَأَنَّهُ اسْتَحْسَنَ هَذَا لِيَكُونَ مُؤَدِّيًا بَعْضَ الصَّلَاةِ فِي الْوَقْتِ وَلَوْ أَفْسَدْنَاهَا كَانَ مُؤَدِّيًا جَمِيعَ الصَّلَاةِ خَارِجَ الْوَقْتِ وَأَدَاءُ بَعْضِ الصَّلَاةِ فِي الْوَقْتِ أَوْلَى مِنْ أَدَاءِ الْكُلِّ خَارِجَ الْوَقْتِ

 

منية المصلي وغنية المبتدي (ص: 114)

وَلَوْ طَلَعَتْ الشَّمْسُ فِي خِلالِ الفَجْرِ تَفْسُدُ صَلاةُ الفَجْرِ

 

آپ کے مسائل اور ان کا حال جلد٣  صفحہ ٢٠٢

کتاب النو ازل جلد  ٤ صفحہ ٥٣٣

 

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