Fatwa: # 41699
Category: Prayer (Salaat)
Country: India
Date: 4th January 2019


Sun rises whilst performing the Fajr Salaah


Is my prayer valid if sun rises while I'm praying the last raka'ah of Fajr prayer? Or Should I offer a kazaa prayer for it? 


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Allah Ta’ala states in the Quraan:

إِنَّ الصَّلَاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَابًا مَّوْقُوتًا

Translation: Indeed Salaah has been made obligatory for the believers at fixed hours.

(Surah Al-Nisaa, Verse 103)

According to the Hanafi Madhab, if one is performing the Fajr Salaah and the sun rises, the Salaah will be void. One will have to make Qadha of the Fajr Salaah. [1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad I.V Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.


[1] الأصل المعروف بالمبسوط للشيباني (1/ 153) 

قلت فَإِن طلعت الشَّمْس وَقد بَقِي عَلَيْهِ من الْفجْر رَكْعَة قَالَ صلَاته فَاسِدَة وَعَلِيهِ أَن يسْتَقْبل الْفجْر إِذا ارْتَفَعت الشَّمْس وابيضت قلت أَرَأَيْت إِن فرغ من الصَّلَاة وَقد قعد قدر التَّشَهُّد ثمَّ طلعت الشَّمْس قبل أَن يسلم قَالَ صلَاته فَاسِدَة وَعَلِيهِ أَن يُعِيد إِذا ارْتَفَعت الشَّمْس فِي قَول أبي حنيفَة وَقَالَ أَبُو يُوسُف وَمُحَمّد إِذا قعد قدر التَّشَهُّد ثمَّ طلعت الشَّمْس فَإِن صلَاته تَامَّة


المبسوط للسرخسي (1/ 152)

لَوْ طَلَعَتْ الشَّمْسُ وَهُوَ فِي خِلَالِ الْفَجْرِ فَسَدَتْ صَلَاتُهُ عِنْدَنَا

وَالْفَرْقُ بَيْنَهُمَا عِنْدَنَا أَنَّ بِالْغُرُوبِ يَدْخُلُ وَقْتُ الْفَرْضِ فَلَا يَكُونُ مُنَافِيًا لِلْفَرْضِ وَبِالطُّلُوعِ لَا يَدْخُلُ وَقْتُ الْفَرْضِ فَكَانَ مُفْسِدًا لِلْفَرْضِ كَخُرُوجِ وَقْتِ الْجُمُعَةِ فِي خِلَالِهَا مُفْسِدٌ لِلْجُمُعَةِ؛ لِأَنَّهُ لَا يَدْخُلُ وَقْتُ مِثْلِهَا، قَالَ وَالْأَصَحُّ عِنْدِي فِي الْفَرْقِ أَنَّ الطُّلُوعَ بِظُهُورِ حَاجِبِ الشَّمْسِ وَبِهِ لَا تَنْتَفِي الْكَرَاهَةُ بَلْ تَتَحَقَّقُ فَكَانَ مُفْسِدًا لِلْفَرْضِ، وَالْغُرُوبُ بِآخِرِهِ وَبِهِ تَنْتَفِي الْكَرَاهَةُ فَلَمْ يَكُنْ مُفْسِدًا لِلْعَصْرِ لِهَذَا، وَتَأْوِيلُ الْحَدِيثِ أَنَّهُ لِبَيَانِ الْوُجُوبِ بِإِدْرَاكِ جُزْءٍ مِنْ الْوَقْتِ قَلَّ أَوْ كَثُرَ، وَعَنْ أَبِي يُوسُفَ أَنَّ الْفَجْرَ لَا يَفْسُدُ بِطُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَلَكِنَّهُ يَصْبِرُ حَتَّى إذَا ارْتَفَعَتْ الشَّمْسُ أَتَمَّ صَلَاتَهُ وَكَأَنَّهُ اسْتَحْسَنَ هَذَا لِيَكُونَ مُؤَدِّيًا بَعْضَ الصَّلَاةِ فِي الْوَقْتِ وَلَوْ أَفْسَدْنَاهَا كَانَ مُؤَدِّيًا جَمِيعَ الصَّلَاةِ خَارِجَ الْوَقْتِ وَأَدَاءُ بَعْضِ الصَّلَاةِ فِي الْوَقْتِ أَوْلَى مِنْ أَدَاءِ الْكُلِّ خَارِجَ الْوَقْتِ


منية المصلي وغنية المبتدي (ص: 114)

وَلَوْ طَلَعَتْ الشَّمْسُ فِي خِلالِ الفَجْرِ تَفْسُدُ صَلاةُ الفَجْرِ


آپ کے مسائل اور ان کا حال جلد٣  صفحہ ٢٠٢

کتاب النو ازل جلد  ٤ صفحہ ٥٣٣

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]