Fatwa: # 41689
Category: Marriage
Country: Saudi Arabia
Date: 27th December 2018

Title

Signed in the wrong place in the marriage contract. Is my Nikah valid?

Question

Dear imam

I am happily married to my husband. My parents took my consent before nikah ceremony. During nikah ceremony i happily signed the nikahnama(marriage certificate) and accepted my husband from heart infront of witnesses. But i have little doubt. I signed the nikahnama above the place where bride was suppose to do. There is a section in nikahnama where its written 'bride signature' and bride is suppose to sign below it but by mistake i signed above that place. Is my nikkah valid? 

Answer

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salaamu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullaahi wa-barakaatuh.

Sister in Islaam,

In principle, if the eejaab (proposal) and qabool (acceptance) took place in the presence of two male witnesses, or one male and two female, then the nikaah will be valid, irrespective of whether the marriage contract was signed or not[1]. The validity of nikaah is not based on the signing of the marriage contract. Accordingly, your nikaah was valid.

 

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best.

Muajul I. Chowdhury

Student, Darul Iftaa

Astoria, New York, USA

 

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


[1] المبسوط للسرخسي (5/ 16)

فإن النكاح ينعقد بلفظين أحدهما عبارة عن الماضي والآخر عن المستقبل والشافعي ومحمد رحمهما الله تعالى سويا بينهما، والفرق لعلمائنا رحمهم الله تعالى أن البيع يقع ببغتة وفلتة فقوله بعني يكون استياما عادة فلا بد من الإيجاب والقبول بعده فأما النكاح يتقدمه خطبة ومراودة فقلما يقع بغتة

 

مختصر القدوري (ص: 145)

النكاح ينعقد بالإيجاب والقبول بلفظين يعبر بهما عن الماضي أو يعبر بأحدهما عن الماضي وبالآخر عن المستقبل مثل أن يقول: زوجني فيقول زوجتك. ولا يعقد نكاح المسلمين إلا بحضور شاهدين حرين بالغين عاقلين مسلمين أو رجل وامرأتين

 

بدائع الصنائع في ترتيب الشرائع (2/ 229)

وأما ركن النكاح فهو الإيجاب والقبول. وذلك بألفاظ مخصوصة، أو ما يقوم مقام اللفظ

 

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]