Fatwa: # 41465
Category: Beliefs and Practices (Aq...
Country: India
Date: 3rd February 2019

Title

Offering Salaah behind an Imam who changes his school of thought

Question

Assalamualaikum WR WB,

I  am a guy who spent 4 months in Tabligi Jamaath in the path of Allah.

I transferred to a place near to hyderabad, India.

I saw the Imam of the Masjid intially offerred prayer in the Hanafi style.

After 1 month, I suddenly saw he started offering Namaz by Raffediens .. looks like Shafi Namaz.

Can I offer namaz in the back of that person who changes Maslaqs like this?

I  found him saying 'ALLAHUAKBAR' takbeer loudly after every Namaz.Is there any hadees  like this  saying Takbeer Loudly?Because I didn't find saying ALLAHUAKBAR Takbeer loudly in any Masjid.

He is  forcing all the musalli to offer namaz with Raffediens and say thakbeer loudly after  every namaz.

Please Clarify me regarding this?

JazakallahuKhair

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Raf’ul Yadain (رفع اليدين) is made up from two Arabic words, raf and yadain.

Raf’ means to raise. Yadain means two hands. There are differences of opinions among the Imams of the mazhab regarding raising the hands in salaah besides raising the hands for takbeer-e-tahrima (the takbeer for commencing salaah).

According to Imam Shafie, raf’ul yadain is Sunnah. However according to the other three Imams, raf’ul yadayn is only established in the beginning of salaah at the time of takbeer-e-tahrima.[1]

Each Imam’s view is based on the Ahadith and practice of Rasulullah (ﷺ). These differences are based on what is preferred.

The differences are not based on permissibility and impermissibility. According to Imam Abu Hanifa, it is permissible to make raf’ul yadain and according to Imam Shafi’ it is permissible to not do raf’ul yadain.[2]

Every muqallid (adherent) of his mazhab should follow the rules and guidance of the Imam of his mazhab and he should tolerate and respect the view of the other mazhab. It is incorrect for a follower of one mazhab to insist on the view of his Imam. It is also incorrect one who is not a mujtahid to deduce his own rulings directly from the Ahadith.

It is also incorrect for a person to leave out following his mazhab and follow another mazhab.

In view of the above mentioned principles, it is incorrect for the Imam to impose raf’ul yadain on all the musallis. That is the attitude of hard-core salafis who claim to practice on the Hadith of Rasulullah (ﷺ).

Consider the following hadith wherein it is recorded that raf’ul yadain was not done:

حدثنا هناد، قال: حدثنا وكيع، عن سفيان، عن عاصم بن كليب، عن عبد الرحمن بن الأسود، عن علقمة، قال: قال عبد الله بن مسعود: ألا أصلي بكم صلاة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم؟ فصلى، فلم يرفع يديه إلا في أول مرة.[3]

Translation: Hazrat Abdullah bin Masood (Radhiyallahu Anhu) said:

Should I not show you the Salaah of Rasulullah (ﷺ)? Then he prayed and did not raise his hands except in the beginning.

The practice of reciting Allahu Akbar after salaah is permissible[4]. However, that should not be made compulsory as that will lead to bid’ah (Innovation).

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Aboobakr Siddeeq bin Mufti Amjad Mohammad

Student Darul Iftaa

Azaadville, Johannesburg, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

________


[1]  الموسوعة الفقهية الكويتية (27/ 95)

وَذَهَبَ الشَّافِعِيَّةُ إِلَى أَنَّهُ يُنْدَبُ رَفْعُ الْيَدَيْنِ عِنْدَ الْقِيَامِ مِنَ التَّشَهُّدِ لِلرَّكْعَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ، وَهِيَ رِوَايَةٌ عَنِ الإِْمَامِ أَحْمَدَ، لِمَا رَوَى نَافِعٌ: أَنَّ ابْنَ عُمَرَ كَانَ إِذَا دَخَل فِي الصَّلاَةِ كَبَّرَ وَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ، وَإِذَا رَكَعَ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ، وَإِذَا قَال سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ، وَإِذَا قَامَ مِنَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ. وَرَفَعَ ذَلِكَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ إِلَى نَبِيِّ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ (1) .

وَالرِّوَايَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ هِيَ عَدَمُ الرَّفْعِ.

قَال فِي الإِْنْصَافِ: وَهُوَ الْمَذْهَبُ، وَعَلَيْهِ جَمَاهِيرُ الأَْصْحَابِ وَقَطَعَ بِهِ كَثِيرٌ مِنْهُمْ.

وَذَهَبَ الْحَنَفِيَّةُ وَالْمَالِكِيَّةُ إِلَى عَدَمِ مَشْرُوعِيَّةِ رَفْعِ الْيَدَيْنِ إِلاَّ عِنْدَ تَكْبِيرَةِ الإِْحْرَامِ، فَلاَ يُشْرَعُ رَفْعُهُمَا عِنْدَ الرُّكُوعِ أَوِ الرَّفْعِ مِنْهُ، أَوِ الْقِيَامِ لِلثَّالِثَةِ. لِحَدِيثِ الْبَرَاءِ - رَضِيَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَنْهُ - أَنَّهُ قَال: رَأَيْتُ رَسُول اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَرْفَعُ يَدَيْهِ حِينَ افْتَتَحَ الصَّلاَةَ، ثُمَّ لَمْ يَرْفَعْهُمَا حَتَّى انْصَرَفَ (2) وَعَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ قَال: خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُول اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَال: مَالِي أَرَاكُمْ رَافِعِي أَيْدِيَكُمْ كَأَنَّهَا أَذْنَابُ خَيْل شُمْسٍ، اسْكُنُوا فِي الصَّلاَةِ (1) وَقَال عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ - رَضِيَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى عَنْهُ -: أَلاَ أُصَلِّي بِكُمْ صَلاَةَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَصَلَّى وَلَمْ يَرْفَعْ يَدَيْهِ إِلاَّ فِي أَوَّل مَرَّةٍ (2) .

 

الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار (ص: 70)

ولا يسن) مؤكدا (رفع يديه إلا في) سبعة مواطن كما ورد، بناء على أن الصفا والمروة واحد

نظرا للسعي ثلاثة في الصلاة (تكبيرة افتتاح وقنوت وعيد، و) خمسة في الحج (استلام) الحجر (والصفا، والمروة، وعرفات، والجمرات)

 

[2]   درس ترمذی – (26 /2)

يہاں يہ واضح رہے کہ ايمہ اربعہ کے درميان پہ اختلاف محض افضليت اور عدم افضليت کا ہے نہ کہ جواز اور عدم جواز کا

 

[3] سنن الترمذي ت بشار (1/ 343)

[4] صحيح مسلم – 583

 

أَنَّ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ رَفْعَ الصَّوْتِ بِالذِّكْرِ حِينَ يَنْصَرِفُ النَّاسُ مِنَ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ كَانَ عَلَى عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ وَأَنَّهُ قَالَ قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ كُنْتُ أَعْلَمُ إِذَا انْصَرَفُوا بِذَلِكَ إِذَا سَمِعْتُهُ

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.
The Messenger of Allah said, "When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of Deen."
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]