Fatwa: # 41453
Category: Purity (Tahaarah)
Country: India
Date: 1st January 2019

Title

Salaah performed without a valid ghusl

Question

Assalamualaikum dear Mufti sab,

I had attained puberty around the age of 15. I started performing Salah around the age of 14. However I knew about the faraiz of Ghusul only by the age of 17. Should i perform Qada for the Salah performed without proper Ghusul (from age 15 to 17).

Jazak Allah Khair.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, there are three requisites for an obligatory ghusl to be valid. [i]

1)    To rinse one’s mouth

2)    To pass water in the nostrils.

3)    To pour water over the entire body once.

You enquire about performing Salaah without a proper ghusl. What do you mean by not performing a proper ghusl?

Ghusl becomes obligatory when one has a wet dream, after emission of semen or after intercourse.

If you were in the need of an obligatory ghusl and you did not fulfil the requisites of an obligatory ghusl, but you made wudhu before performing the Salaah, that would suffice and your Salaah would be valid. Hence, there will be no need to make Qadha for those Salaah. [ii]

If you require further clarity, you may resend your email to admin@daruliftaa.net

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad I.V Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai

_________

 

[i]المبسوط للسرخسي (1/ 62) 

(وَإِذَا نَسِيَ الْمَضْمَضَةَ، وَالِاسْتِنْشَاقَ فِي الْجَنَابَةِ حَتَّى صَلَّى لَمْ يُجْزِهِ) ، وَهُوَ عِنْدَنَا الْمَضْمَضَةُ، وَالِاسْتِنْشَاقُ فَرْضَانِ فِي الْجَنَابَةِ سُنَّتَانِ فِي الْوُضُوء

 

المحيط البرهاني في الفقه النعماني (1/ 81)

والفرض فيه أن يغسل جميع بدنه ويتمضمض ويستنشق، والمضمضة والاستنشاق فرضان في الغسل، نفلان في الوضوء، والأصل فيه قوله عليه السلام: «تحت كل شعرة جنابة فبلوا الشعرة والبشرة» ، وفي الأنف شعر وفي الفم بشرة

 

[ii]     الفتاوى الهندية - ط. دار الفكر (1/ 13) 

الْجُنُبُ إذَا شَرِبَ الْمَاءَ ولم يَمُجَّهُ لم يَضُرَّهُ وَيُجْزِيهِ عن الْمَضْمَضَةِ إذَا أَصَابَ جَمِيعَ فَمِهِ كَذَا في الظَّهِيرِيَّةِ

 

الأصل المعروف بالمبسوط للشيباني (1/ 39)

قلت أَرَأَيْت امْرَأَة حَائِضًا طهرت فاغتسلت فَبَقيَ من غسلهَا أقل من مَوضِع الدِّرْهَم كَيفَ تصنع قَالَ تغسل ذَلِك الْمَكَان وَإِن كَانَت صلت قبل أَن تغسله فعلَيْهَا أَن تعيد الصَّلَاة قلت وَكَذَلِكَ الْجنب قَالَ نعم

 (1/ 41)

قلت أَرَأَيْت رجلا تَوَضَّأ ونسى الْمَضْمَضَة وَالِاسْتِنْشَاق أَو كَانَ جنبا فنسى الْمَضْمَضَة وَالِاسْتِنْشَاق ثمَّ صلى قَالَ أما مَا كَانَ فِي الْوضُوء فَصلَاته تَامَّة وَأما مَا كَانَ فِي غسل الْجَنَابَة أَو طهر حيض فَإِنَّهُ يتمضمض ويستنشق وَيُعِيد الصَّلَاة

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