Category: Divorce (Talaaq)
Fatwa#: 41270
Asked Country: India

Answered Date: Nov 13,2018

Title: Non-conditional talaq issued before marriage

Question

Assalamu alaikum Mufti Sahab, I had an issue regarding an unmarried person giving talaq to his future wife .... The statement goes like this "Talaq talaq talaq i give three consecutive talaq's to my future wife" but this statement has been said without any intention of giving just as a fun among our friends Mufti sahab I've heard that this type of talaq make a person to fall in a kind of loop like, Any time he gets married, but due to this statement of giving talaq my future wife the Nikah becomes invalid so as it proceeds with the further nikah... And the person cannot withstand with a nikah Mufti please clarify this issue Jazakallahu khairan

Answer

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is irresponsible to make fun by issuing talaq. Talaq is a sensitive issue with major implications. One should exercise precaution when issuing talaq.

If an unmarried person issued divorce to his future wife, that does not constitute talaq as in the case of reference.[1]

However, if one suspended divorce on marrying a woman, then that constitutes a divorce, for example an unmarried person says, if I marry a woman, she is divorced. In this example, the divorce is suspended on the condition of marrying. That is not so in the enquired situation as the talaq is not suspended on marrying.

And Allah Ta‘āla Knows Best

Mehrazur Rahman

Student Darul Iftaa      

Brooklyn, NY, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


[1] (مجمع الأنهر، ج ١، ص ٣٩٣، دار إحياء التراث العربي)

( وَلَوْ قَالَ ) لِأَجْنَبِيَّةٍ : ( أَنْتِ طَالِقٌ قَبْلَ أَنْ أَتَزَوَّجَك فَهُوَ لَغْوٌ

 

البحر الرائق، ج ٣، ص ٣٠٨، دار الكتاب الإسلامي)

إذا قال لأجنبية: أنت طالق مع نكاحك حيث يتأتى فيه التقرير المذكور مع أنه لا يقع إذا تزوجها وحاصل ما أجابوا به أنه يملك التعليق بصريح الشرط وبمعناه بعد النكاح وأما قبله فلا يملكه إلا بالصريح

 

(تبيين الحقائق، ج ٢، ص ٢١٠، المطبعة الكبرى الأميرية)

وَلَوْ قَالَ لِأَجْنَبِيَّةٍ أَنْتِ طَالِقٌ فِي نِكَاحِك يَلْغُو

 

(فتح القدير، ج ٤، ص ٤٥، دار الفكر)

لو قال لأجنبية أنت طالق مع نكاحك حيث يأتي فيه التقرير المذكور مع أنه لا يقع إذا تزوجها

 

(جامع الرموز، ص ٨٢)

لو قال لأجنبية أنت طالق في نكاحك أو مع نكاحك فنكحها لم تطلق

 

(سبل الوفاق إلى أحكام الزواج والطلاق، ج ١، ص ٣١٨، دار الوراق)

قال لأجنبية: أنت طالق ثم تزوجها بعد ذلك فلا يحتسب عليه هذا الطلاق

 

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