Category: Divorce (Talaaq)
Fatwa#: 41223
Asked Country: United States

Answered Date: Oct 25,2018

Title: Talaq under IED (intermittent explosive disorder)

Question

Talaq under IED(intermittent explosive disorder) anger or rage attack condition.

Assalaam o alaikum kindly shed some light on wither talaq given under Ied  condition (rage attack)  counts if husband unable to recall his actions & words but his wife heard him saying jazakallah khair 

Answer

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If a person issued a divorce in such anger that he had no control over himself and he does not remember that state and what he did or said, then that is a type of insanity in which divorce is not effective.[1] If a person diagnosed with IED (intermittent explosive disorder) issued a divorce and he does not recall what he did or said, then that divorce is not effective. The divorce will not be effective only in that state of IED.

Remember, nikah and talaq is about halal and haram.

Whoever faces such a situation should honestly present his case to a local Mufti and obtain a ruling on his situation. A fatwa alone cannot make halal into haram and vice versa. The individual facing the situation should fear Allah and be honest in presenting his situation.

And Allah Ta‘āla Knows Best

Mehrazur Rahman

Student Darul Iftaa      

Brooklyn, NY, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


[1] (الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين، ج ٣، ص ٢٤٤)

وَلِلْحَافِظِ ابْنِ الْقَيِّمِ الْحَنْبَلِيِّ رِسَالَةٌ فِي طَلَاقِ الْغَضْبَانِ قَالَ فِيهَا: إنَّهُ عَلَى ثَلَاثَةِ أَقْسَامٍ: أَحَدُهَا أَنْ يَحْصُلَ لَهُ مَبَادِئُ الْغَضَبِ بِحَيْثُ لَا يَتَغَيَّرُ عَقْلُهُ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا يَقُولُ وَيَقْصِدُهُ، وَهَذَا لَا إشْكَالَ فِيهِ. وَالثَّانِي أَنْ يَبْلُغَ النِّهَايَةَ فَلَا يَعْلَمُ مَا يَقُولُ وَلَا يُرِيدُهُ، فَهَذَا لَا رَيْبَ أَنَّهُ لَا يَنْفُذُ شَيْءٌ مِنْ أَقْوَالِهِ.

الثَّالِثُ مَنْ تَوَسَّطَ بَيْنَ الْمَرْتَبَتَيْنِ بِحَيْثُ لَمْ يَصِرْ كَالْمَجْنُونِ فَهَذَا مَحَلُّ النَّظَرِ، وَالْأَدِلَّةُ عَلَى عَدَمِ نُفُوذِ أَقْوَالِهِ. اهـ. مُلَخَّصًا مِنْ شَرْحِ الْغَايَةِ الْحَنْبَلِيَّةِ، لَكِنْ أَشَارَ فِي الْغَايَةِ إلَى مُخَالَفَتِهِ فِي الثَّالِثِ حَيْثُ قَالَ: وَيَقَعُ الطَّلَاقُ مِنْ غَضَبٍ خِلَافًا لِابْنِ الْقَيِّمِ اهـ وَهَذَا الْمُوَافِقُ عِنْدَنَا لِمَا مَرَّ فِي الْمَدْهُوشِ، لَكِنْ يَرِدُ عَلَيْهِ أَنَّا لَمْ نَعْتَبِرْ أَقْوَالَ الْمَعْتُوهِ مَعَ أَنَّهُ لَا يَلْزَمُ فِيهِ أَنْ يَصِلَ إلَى حَالَةٍ لَا يَعْلَمُ فِيهَا مَا يَقُولُ وَلَا يُرِيدُهُ وَقَدْ يُجَابُ بِأَنَّ الْمَعْتُوهَ لَمَّا كَانَ مُسْتَمِرًّا عَلَى حَالَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ يُمْكِنُ ضَبْطُهَا اُعْتُبِرَتْ فِيهِ وَاكْتُفِيَ فِيهِ بِمُجَرَّدِ نَقْصِ الْعَقْلِ، بِخِلَافِ الْغَضَبِ فَإِنَّهُ عَارِضٌ فِي بَعْضِ الْأَحْوَالِ، لَكِنْ يَرِدُ عَلَيْهِ الدَّهَشُ فَإِنَّهُ كَذَلِكَ. وَاَلَّذِي يَظْهَرُ لِي أَنَّ كُلًّا مِنْ الْمَدْهُوشِ وَالْغَضْبَانِ لَا يَلْزَمُ فِيهِ أَنْ يَكُونَ بِحَيْثُ لَا يَعْلَمُ مَا يَقُولُ بَلْ يُكْتَفَى فِيهِ بِغَلَبَةِ الْهَذَيَانِ وَاخْتِلَاطِ الْجَدِّ بِالْهَزْلِ كَمَا هُوَ الْمُفْتَى بِهِ فِي السَّكْرَانِ عَلَى مَا مَرَّ

 

 

(تنقيح الفتاوى الحامدية، ج ١، ص ٢٧٢)

الدَّهَشُ هُوَ ذَهَابُ الْعَقْلِ مِنْ ذَهْلٍ أَوْ وَلَهٍ وَقَدْ صَرَّحَ فِي التَّنْوِيرِ والتتارخانية وَغَيْرِهِمَا بِعَدَمِ وُقُوعِ طَلَاقِ الْمَدْهُوشِ فَعَلَى هَذَا حَيْثُ حَصَلَ لِلرَّجُلِ دَهَشٌ زَالَ بِهِ عَقْلُهُ وَصَارَ لَا شُعُورَ لَهُ لَا يَقَعُ طَلَاقُهُ وَالْقَوْلُ قَوْلُهُ بِيَمِينِهِ إنْ عُرِفَ مِنْهُ الدَّهَشُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يُعْرَفْ مِنْهُ لَا يُقْبَلُ قَوْلُهُ قَضَاءً إلَّا بِبَيِّنَةٍ كَمَا صَرَّحَ بِذَلِكَ عُلَمَاءُ الْحَنَفِيَّةِ رَحِمَهُمْ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى.

 

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