Category: Character, Morals (Akhlaaq)
Fatwa#: 41161
Asked Country: United States

Answered Date: Oct 24,2018

Title: Leaving Out ‘Abdul Before a Person’s Name. Shirk or not?

Question

Calling a person with these names without Abdul i.e only Samad, Ahad, Quddus and so on is shirk? if yes so majority of the peoples are calling only Samad, Ahad, Quddus not Abdul Samad, Abdul Ahad, Abdul Quddus, if this is shirk so majority of ummah who are calling like this is kafir???

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The names of Allah are of two types:

  • Names that are exclusive to Allah, like ar-Rahman, al-Quddus, al-Khaliq, al-Ghaffar, and as-Samad;
  • and names that are not exclusive to Allah, like Malik, ‘Ali, Kabir, Karim, and Rashid.

In principle, it is not permissible to call a person by a name exclusive to Allah. For example, Rahman, Quddus, Khaliq, Ghaffar, or Samad. If a name is not exclusive to Allah, one may call a person by that name.

It is disliked to call a person while leaving out ‘Abdul before a name exclusive to Allah. If one did not prefix an exclusive quality of Allah with ‘Abdul, that is not shirk.[1]

 

And Allah Ta‘ālā Knows Best.

 

Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



[1]

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (٦/٤١٧)  

(أحب الأسماء إلى الله تعالى عبد الله وعبد الرحمن) وجاز التسمية بعلي ورشيد من الأسماء المشتركة ويراد في حقنا غير ما يراد في حق الله تعالى لكن التسمية بغير ذلك في زماننا أولى لأن العوام يصغرونها عند النداء كذا في السراجية

الفتاوى السراجية (ص: ٣١٩)

التسمية باسم يوجد في كتاب الله تعالى كالعلي والكبير والرشيد والبديع جائز، لأنه من الأسماء المشتركة ويراد في حق العباد غير ما يراد في حق الله تعالى. أحب الأسماء إلى الله تعالى عبد الله وعبد الرحمن، لكن التسمية بغير هذه الأسماء في هذا الزمان أولى، لأن العوام يصغرون هذه الأسماء عند النداء.

احسن الفتاوى (٨/١٧٦)

 

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