Category: Beliefs and Practices (Aqeedah)
Fatwa#: 41136
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: Nov 27,2018

Title: Acceptance of Dua when in Hajj

Question

Assalamalaikum,

My question is what part of hajj is your dua Accepted? Is it during all the days of hajj, or only during the day of Arafat? If you ran out of time i.e. After sunset on Arafat, but still had some dua you wanted to make, can you still stand at the plain of Arafat to make dua or subsequent places muzdalifa etc with the same acceptance status as that of the day of Arafat? Jazakallah khair

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Hajj is a sacred act of worship that invokes the mercy of Allah at every step of Hajj. That is from the time one intended performing Hajj and all the preparations of Hajj, the actual Hajj and beyond that. The acceptance of Dua during Hajj is not confined to Arafat.

Hereunder are some places where Duas are accepted during Hajj.

1. During Tawaf

The Mataf refers to the area immediately around the Ka’bah where tawaf (circumambulation) takes place.

Duas are accepted whilst Tawaf, consider the following Hadith:

فإني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: إن مسحهما كفارة للخطايا وسمعته، يقول: من طاف بهذا البيت أسبوعا فأحصاه كان كعتق رقبة وسمعته يقول: لا يضع قدما ولا يرفع أخرى إلا حط الله عنه خطيئة وكتب له بها حسنة. (سنن الترمذي: ٩٥٩)

Translation: So he Ibn ‘Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) said: 'I do it because I heard the Messenger of Allah saying: "Touching them atones for sins." And I heard him saying: "Whoever performs Tawaf around this House seven times and he keeps track of it, then it is as if he freed a slave." And I heard him saying: "One foot is not put down, nor another raised except that Allah removes a sin from him and records a good merit for him." (Sunan Al-Tirmidhi: 959) [1]

2. At the Multazam:

The area between the Hajar al-Aswad and the Door of the Ka’bah is called the Multazam. It is approximately two metres wide and is a place where Duas (supplications) are accepted.

Consider the following Hadith:

كَانَ يُقَالُ: مَا بَيْنَ الرُّكْنِ وَالْبَابِ مُلْتَزَمٌ مَا الْتَزَمَ بِهِ إِنْسَانٌ فَدَعَا اللهَ تَعَالَى إِلَّا أَعْطَاهُ إِيَّاهُ (أخبار مكة للفاكهي: ٢٣١)

 

Translation: Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) says, “The signs of acceptance for any du’a made between the Hajar al-Aswad and the door of the Ka’bah will certainly be seen.” (Akhbar Makkah Lil- Fakihi: 231)[2]

 

3. By Safa and Marwah:

Safa and Marwah are two small hills near to Ka’bah now in Masjid ul Haram. These both hills are sacred hills because of the sacrifice of Hadhrat Ismail (Alaihis Salam) and His mother Aajar [3] (Radiyallahu Anha).

Consider the following Hadith:

فَلَمَّا دَنَا مِنَ الصَّفَا قَرَأَ ‏{‏ إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِنْ شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ‏}‏ ‏"‏ أَبْدَأُ بِمَا بَدَأَ اللَّهُ بِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَبَدَأَ بِالصَّفَا فَرَقِيَ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى رَأَى الْبَيْتَ فَاسْتَقْبَلَ الْقِبْلَةَ فَوَحَّدَ اللَّهَ وَكَبَّرَهُ وَقَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كَلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ أَنْجَزَ وَعْدَهُ وَنَصَرَ عَبْدَهُ وَهَزَمَ الأَحْزَابَ وَحْدَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ دَعَا بَيْنَ ذَلِكَ قَالَ مِثْلَ هَذَا ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ ثُمَّ نَزَلَ إِلَى الْمَرْوَةِ حَتَّى إِذَا انْصَبَّتْ قَدَمَاهُ فِي بَطْنِ الْوَادِي سَعَى حَتَّى إِذَا صَعِدَتَا مَشَى حَتَّى أَتَى الْمَرْوَةَ فَفَعَلَ عَلَى الْمَرْوَةِ كَمَا فَعَلَ عَلَى الصَّفَا حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَ آخِرُ طَوَافِهِ عَلَى الْمَرْوَةِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لَوْ أَنِّي اسْتَقْبَلْتُ مِنْ أَمْرِي مَا اسْتَدْبَرْتُ لَمْ أَسُقِ الْهَدْىَ وَجَعَلْتُهَا عُمْرَةً فَمَنْ كَانَ مِنْكُمْ لَيْسَ مَعَهُ هَدْىٌ فَلْيَحِلَّ وَلْيَجْعَلْهَا عُمْرَةً (صحيح مسلم: ١٢١٨)‏

Translation: Jabir (Radiyallahu Anhu) said when describing the Nabi pilgrimage: ...and when he approached mount Safa he recited: “Indeed Al-Safa and Al-Marwah are from the places of worship of Allah…” “I begin with what Allah began with.” …so he started with Safa and climbed it until he could see the Ka’bah, he then faced it and said: “Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest.”

…and then he would say the following three times making a supplication (one should make a personal supplication) after each time: “None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, without any partner. To Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is over all things omnipotent. None has the right to be worshipped except Allah alone. He fulfilled His promise, aided His slave and single-handedly defeated the allies.” …he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) would repeat this action at Marwah.
(Sahih Muslim: 1218) [4]

 

4. At Arafat

See the following Hadith:

قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَا مِنْ يَوْمٍ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ أَنْ يُعْتِقَ اللَّهُ فِيهِ عَبْدًا مِنَ النَّارِ مِنْ يَوْمِ عَرَفَةَ وَإِنَّهُ لَيَدْنُو ثُمَّ يُبَاهِي بِهِمُ الْمَلاَئِكَةَ فَيَقُولُ مَا أَرَادَ هَؤُلاَءِ (سنن الترمذي: ١٣٤٨)

 

Translation: Arafat is a day of Forgiveness from sins, freedom from the Hell-Fire for the people who are present in the plain of Arafat. Aishah (Radiyallahu Anha) narrated the Messenger of Allah saying: “There is no day on which Allah frees more people from the Fire than the day of Arafat. He comes close and expresses His pride to the angels saying, ‘What do these people (the Hajis) want?'” (Sahih Muslim: 1348)[5]

 

4. Rami ul-Jamarat:

Rami ul-Jamarat is an act of worship carried out by Hujjaj (pilgrims) whereby small pebbles are thrown at three stone structures (Jamarat) in Mina. The act of throwing stones at the Jamarat is known as “Rami”.

Consider the following Hadith:

عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: إِنَّمَا جُعِلَ الطَّوَافُ بِالْبَيْتِ وَبَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ وَرَمْيُ الْجِمَارِ لِإِقَامَةِ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ  

Translation: Sayyidah Aishah (Radiyallahu Anha) narrated that the Nabi said, "The rami of the Jimar and the Sa'i between Safa and Marwah are imposed only to maintain remembrance of Allah. (Sunan Abi Dawood: 1888)[6]

 

5. Mina:

Mina is another Holy ground where people ask for forgiveness especially in days of Hajj.

Furthermore, The Dua for forgiveness of a Haji is accepted till the 10th of Rabiul Awwal, which is approximately 90 days from the day of ‘Arafah.

Consider the following Hadith:  

قال عمر: يغفر للحاج ولمن استغفر له الحاج بقية ذي الحجة والمحرم وصفر وعشر من شهر ربيع الأول (مصنف ابن أبي شيبة: ١٢٦٥٧)

Translation: Umar (Radiyallahu Anhu) says: “The haji will be forgiven, and all those whom the haji seeks forgiveness on behalf of, for the remainder of Dhul Hijjah, Muharram, Safar until the tenth of Rabiul Awwal.” (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah: 12657) [7]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Abdullah Syed Sajid

Student Darul Iftaa
Houston, TX, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


سنن الترمذي ت بشار (2/ 284) [1]

 فإني سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: إن مسحهما كفارة للخطايا وسمعته، يقول: من طاف بهذا البيت أسبوعا فأحصاه كان كعتق رقبة وسمعته يقول: لا يضع قدما ولا يرفع أخرى إلا حط الله عنه خطيئة وكتب له بها حسنة

 

 أخبار مكة للفاكهي (1/ 165) [2]

حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ قَالَ: ثنا ابْنُ رَجَاءٍ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ الْأَسْوَدِ قَالَ: أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدَةُ بْنُ أَبِي لُبَابَةَ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ قَالَ: " كَانَ يُقَالُ: مَا بَيْنَ الرُّكْنِ وَالْبَابِ مُلْتَزَمٌ مَا الْتَزَمَ بِهِ إِنْسَانٌ فَدَعَا اللهَ تَعَالَى إِلَّا أَعْطَاهُ إِيَّاهُ

 

 صحيح البخاري (3/ 167) [3]

 حدثنا أبو اليمان، أخبرنا شعيب، حدثنا أبو الزناد، عن الأعرج، عن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه: أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: " هاجر إبراهيم بسارة، فأعطوها آجر، فرجعت، فقالت: أشعرت أن الله كبت الكافر وأخدم وليدة

 

 صحيح مسلم (2/ 888) [4]

فلما دنا من الصفا قرأ: {إن الصفا والمروة من شعائر الله} [البقرة: 158] «أبدأ بما بدأ الله به» فبدأ بالصفا، فرقي عليه، حتى رأى البيت فاستقبل القبلة، فوحد الله وكبره، وقال: «لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير، لا إله إلا الله وحده، أنجز وعده، ونصر عبده، وهزم الأحزاب وحده» ثم دعا بين ذلك، قال: مثل هذا ثلاث مرات، ثم نزل إلى المروة، حتى إذا انصبت قدماه في بطن الوادي سعى، حتى إذا صعدتا مشى، حتى أتى المروة، ففعل على المروة كما فعل على الصفا، حتى إذا كان آخر طوافه على المروة، فقال: «لو أني استقبلت من أمري ما استدبرت لم أسق الهدي، وجعلتها عمرة، فمن كان منكم ليس معه هدي فليحل، وليجعلها عمرة

 

صحيح مسلم (2/ 982) [5]

حدثنا هارون بن سعيد الأيلي، وأحمد بن عيسى، قالا: حدثنا ابن وهب، أخبرني مخرمة بن بكير، عن أبيه، قال: سمعت يونس بن يوسف، يقول: عن ابن المسيب، قال: قالت عائشة: إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: " ما من يوم أكثر من أن يعتق الله فيه عبدا من النار، من يوم عرفة، وإنه ليدنو، ثم يباهي بهم الملائكة، فيقول: ما أراد هؤلاء؟

 

 سنن أبي داود (2/ 179) [6]

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي زِيَادٍ، عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: «إِنَّمَا جُعِلَ الطَّوَافُ بِالْبَيْتِ وَبَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ وَرَمْيُ الْجِمَارِ لِإِقَامَةِ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ»

 

 مصنف ابن أبي شيبة (3/ 122) [7]

 أبو بكر قال: ثنا عبد السلام بن حرب، عن ليث، عن مجاهد، قال: قال عمر: يغفر للحاج ولمن استغفر له الحاج بقية ذي الحجة والمحرم وصفر وعشر من شهر ربيع الأول

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