Category: Supplications (Duaas)
Fatwa#: 40973
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Sep 02,2018

Title: Requesting Mufti Saheb for duas

Question

Assalamualaykum

I just want to ask you to make dua for me.

 

Wassalaam

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Beloved Brother,

Hadhrat Mufti Ebrahim Desai Saheb Hafidhahullah conveys salaams to you and made dua for you. He too requests you to make dua for him.

Making dua is from amongst the shortest and fastest routes that leads one to Allah Taalah.

Dua is a display of humility and humbleness. The slave of Allah testifies his weakness and surrenders his affairs to his Master. Allah Taalah appreciates his slaves begging him and seeking His mercy. Shariah has emphasized on making dua to Allah Taalah. [1]

Allah Taalah mentions in the Quraan:

وَقَالَ رَبُّكُمُ ادْعُونِي أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِي سَيَدْخُلُونَ جَهَنَّمَ دَاخِرِينَ

Translation: And your Rabb  says:Supplicate(make dua) to me, I shall respond, but those who are too arrogant/proud to worship me will soon enter Jahannum in humiliation.

(Sural Al-Mumin, Verse 60)

 

وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ فَلْيَسْتَجِيبُوا لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُوا بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُونَ 

Translation: “And when my bondsmen ask you, (O Muhammad), concerning me - indeed I am near. I respond to the prauer of the supplicant when he calls upon me. So let them respond to me (by obedience) and believe in me that they may be (rightly) guided.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, Verse 186)

 

The importance of dua is also understood from the following Ahaadeeth:

عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال‏: ‏"‏الدعاء هو العبادة‏"

Translation: Nabi (ﷺ) said, "Dua (supplication) is worship."

‏‏(Sunan Abi-Dawood, Jaamiut-Tirmidhy)

 

"‏ الدُّعَاءُ مُخُّ الْعِبَادَةِ ‏"

Translation: Dua is the essence of worship.

(Jaamiut-Tirmidhy)

 

Allah Taalah is displeased when His slave does not turn to him and ask him.

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، رضى الله عنه قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ لَمْ يَسْأَلِ اللَّهَ يَغْضَبْ عَلَيْهِ ‏"

 

Translation: Whoever does not ask Allah, Allah becomes displeased with him.

 

(Jaamiut-Tirmidhy)

 

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، رضى الله عنه عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لَيْسَ شَيْءٌ أَكْرَمَ عَلَى اللَّهِ تَعَالَى مِنَ الدُّعَاءِ ‏"

Translation: There is nothing nobler/honourable in the sight of Allah than Dua

(Jaamiut-Tirmidhy)

Shariah has emphasized on making dua for another Muslim in his absence.

Consider the following Ahaadeeth:

عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ مُسْلِمٍ يَدْعُو لأَخِيهِ بِظَهْرِ الْغَيْبِ إِلاَّ قَالَ الْمَلَكُ وَلَكَ بِمِثْلٍ

Translation: Abu Dharr Radhiallahu Anhu reported that Allah's Messenger () said:

There is no believing servant who supplicates for his brother behind his back (in his absence) that the Angels do not say: The same be for you too.

(Saheeh Muslim, Kitaab Al-Dhikr Wa Al-Dua)

مَنْ دَعَا لأَخِيهِ بِظَهْرِ الْغَيْبِ قَالَ الْمَلَكُ الْمُوَكَّلُ بِهِ آمِينَ وَلَكَ بِمِثْلٍ ‏

Translation: He who supplicates for his brother behind his back (in his absence), the Angel commissioned (for carrying supplication to his Lord) says: Aameen, and it is for you also.

(Saheeh Muslim, Kitaab Al-Dhikr Wa Al-Dua)

 

Hereunder are some of the duas/supplications made by the Ambiyaa (Alayhimus-Salatu Wassalaam).

  • The dua of Nooh Alayhis-Salaam:

فَدَعَا رَبَّهُ أَنِّي مَغْلُوبٌ فَانْتَصِرْ

Translation: So he made dua to his Rabb, Indeed I am overpowered so assist me.

(Surah Al-Qamar, Verse 10)

رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوالِدَيَّ وَلِمَنْ دَخَلَ بَيْتِيَ مُؤْمِناً وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِناتِ وَلا تَزِدِ الظَّالِمِينَ إِلاَّ تَباراً

Translation: My Lord! Forgive me, my parents, whoever enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women. Increase the oppressors (the kuffaar) only in destruction.

 (Surah Nooh, Verse 10)

  • The dua of Ebrahim Alayhis-Salaam:

وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

 رَبَّنَا وَاجْعَلْنَا مُسْلِمَيْنِ لَكَ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِنَا أُمَّةً مُسْلِمَةً لَكَ وَأَرِنَا مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ

رَبَّنَا وَابْعَثْ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

Translation: Remember when Ebrahim Alayhis-Salaam and Isma’eel Alayhis-Salaam were raising the foundation of the Kaabah (and the prayed), Oh my Rabb! Accept from us. Indeed, you are All Hearing, the All Knowing.

Oh our Rabb! Make us obedient to you and make from our descendants a nation that is also obedient to you. Show us our rites and accept our repentance. Without doubt, You are the Most Pardoning, the Most Merciful.

Oh our Rabb! Send to them a messenger from among them who will recite your verses to teach, teach them the book and wisdom and purify them. Without doubt, You are the Mighty, the wise.

(Surah Al-Baqarah, Verse 127-129)

 

رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلاةِ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِي رَبَّنا وَتَقَبَّلْ دُعاءِ 

Translation: Oh my Lord! Make me one who establishes Salaah, and my progeny as well, Our My Rabb! And accept my prayer

رَبَّنَا اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِوالِدَيَّ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَوْمَ يَقُومُ الْحِسابُ 

“Our our Rabb! Forgive me, my parents, and (all) the believers on the Day when the reckoning will be established” 

(Surah Ebrahim, Verse 40-41)

 

  • This is the supplication of Moosa Alayhis Salaam, which he read while he was a traveller and desperate for his basic needs.

ربي اني لما انزلت الي من خير فقير                        

Transliteration: “Inni Lima anzalta illayye min khairin faqeer”

 

Translation: “Indeed I am in need of goodness”

(Surah Al-Qasas, Verse 24)

 

قالَ رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَلِأَخِي وَأَدْخِلْنا فِي رَحْمَتِكَ وَأَنْتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ

Translation: Moosa Alayhis Salaam said, Oh my Rabb! Forgive me, and my brother and enter us in your mercy. Surely, you are the most merciful of those who show mercy.

(Surah Al-Aaraaf, Verse 150)

 

  • This is the supplication of Dhun-Nun, Prophet Yunus Alaihis Salaam while he was in the belly of the whale.

لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

Translation: ‘There is none worthy of worship except You, Glory to You; Indeed, I have been of the transgressors.

 

  • The dua of Yusuf Alayhis-Salaam:

 

أَنْتَ وَلِيِّي فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ تَوَفَّنِي مُسْلِمًا وَأَلْحِقْنِي بِالصَّالِحِينَ

Translation: You are my Wali (Protector, Helper, Supporter, Guardian, etc.) in this world and in the hereafter. Grant me death in a state of obedience and include me among Your pious bondsmen.

(Surah Yusuf, Verse 101)

  • The dua of Ayoob Alayhis-Salaam:

 

وَأَيُّوبَ إِذْ نَادَى رَبَّهُ أَنِّي مَسَّنِيَ الضُّرُّ وَأَنْتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ

Translation: And remember when Ayoob Alayhis-Salaam prayed to his Rabb saying, Difficulty has certainly afflicted me and you are the most merciful of those who show mercy. (So remove my difficulty by your mercy)

(Surah Al-Ambiyaa, Verse 83)

The most important dua is to request Allah to forgive us and grant us a death in the state of Imaan.

اللهم بارك في الموت وفيما بعد الموت

(Musnad Ahmad/Muajam Al-Awsat)

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ خَيْرَ عُمْرِي آخِرَهُ ، وَخَيْرَ عَمَلِي خَوَاتِمَهُ ، وَخَيْرَ أَيَّامِي يَوْمَ أَلْقَاكَ 

Translation: O Allah, make the end of my life the best part of my life, my best deeds my last ones and make the best of days the day in which I meet you.

(Majma Al-Zawaid)

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad I.V Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



 الأذكار-للنووي[1]

 

الدعاء-لعبدالله سراج الدين

 

فقه الأدعية و الأذكار- لعبد الرزاق

 

المعجم الأوسط (7/ 343)

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوسَى الْإِصْطَخْرِيُّ، ثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، حَدَّثَتْنِي نَضْرَةُ بِنْتُ جَهْضَمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي الطُّفَيْلِ الْقَيْسِيَّةُ، عَنْ أَبِيهَا، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ: قُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ، لَيْسَ الشَّهِيدُ إِلَّا مَنْ قُتِلَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ، فَقَالَ: «يَا عَائِشَةُ، إِنَّ شُهَدَاءَ أُمَّتِي إِذًا لَقَلِيلٌ، مَنْ قَالَ فِي يَوْمٍ خَمْسَةً وَعِشْرِينَ مَرَّةً: اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ فِي الْمَوْتِ، وَفِيمَا بَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ، ثُمَّ مَاتَ عَلَى فِرَاشِهِ، أَعْطَاهُ اللَّهُ أَجْرَ شَهِيدٍ»

قال الهيثمي في المجمع ( 5/361) رواه الطبراني في الأوسط وفيه من لم أعرفهم

قال العراقي في تخريج الإحياء لم أقف له على إسناد

 

الفتح الرباني من فتاوى الإمام الشوكاني

والثالث والثلاثون من قال في يوم خمسًا وعشرينَ مرةً اللهم باركْ لي في الموت وفيما بعدَ الموتِ ثم مات على فراشه أعطاه الله أجر شهيد. أخرجه الطبرانيُّ في الأوسط (4) من حديث عائشة

 

قال المحقق (حلاق) محشيا على قوله ( أخرجه الطبرانيُّ في الأوسط)

رقم (7676) بإسناد صحيح (4)

وأورده الهيثمي في "المجمع" (5/ 301) وقال: رواه الطبراني في "الأوسط" وفيه من لم أعرفه

عن عائشة قالت: قلت: يا رسول الله، ليس الشهيد إلا من قتل في سبيل الله؟ فقال: "يا عائشة إن شهداء أمتي إذًا لقليل، من قال في يوم خمسةٍ وعشرين مرةً: اللهم بارك في الموت، وفيما بعد الموت ثم مات على فراشه أعطاه الله أجر شهيد"

وأخرجه أحمد في "مسنده" (3/ 489)، (5/ 317) من طرق

 

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