Category: Kaffara
Fatwa#: 40938
Asked Country: Australia

Answered Date: Aug 30,2018

Title: Qadha of Qurbani for previous years

Question

Assalaam o Alaikum I have not done qurbani for some previous years. I was thinking to do two qurbani s every year now inshaAllah. One for current wajib qurbani of this year and one for a previous year which i missed. Can i do qaza qurbani this way? Or should it be made up in some other way? If I can do it this way, can I offer the qaza qurbani through One humanity Malawi project? JazakumUllah khayr

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, if a person missed a qurbaani which was waajib on him, he must give the cash value of a one year old goat or sheep in charity to any poor and needy person anywhere. One can not slaughter an animal to discharge his qadha qurbaani. [1]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Aboobakr Siddeeq bin Mufti Amjad Mohammad

Student Darul Iftaa

Azaadville, JHB, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 


[1]  المحيط البرهاني للإمام برهان الدين ابن مازة - (5 / 666)

وإذا مضى أيام النحر، فقد فاته الذبح؛ لأن الإراقة إنما عرفت في زمان مخصوص، ولكن يلزمه التصدق بقيمة الأضحية، إذا كان ممن يجب عليه الأضحية

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق - (8 / 200)

 وَلَوْ لم يُضَحِّ حتى مَضَتْ أَيَّامُهَا وكان غَنِيًّا وحب ( ( ( وجب ) ) ) عليه أَنْ يَتَصَدَّقَ بِالْقِيمَةِ سَوَاءٌ اشْتَرَاهَا أو لم يَشْتَرِهَا

 وَإِنْ كان فَقِيرًا فَإِنْ كان اشْتَرَاهَا وَجَبَ عليه التَّصَدُّقُ بها

فتح القدير لكمال بن الهمام - (22 / 97)

( قَوْلُهُ فَإِذَا فَاتَ الْوَقْتُ وَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ التَّصَدُّقُ إخْرَاجًا لَهُ عَنْ الْعُهْدَةِ ، كَالْجُمُعَةِ تُقْضَى بَعْدَ فَوَاتِهَا ظُهْرًا ، وَالصَّوْمِ بَعْدَ الْعَجْزِ فِدْيَةً ) قَالَ صَاحِبُ الْعِنَايَةِ فِي شَرْحِ هَذَا الْمَحَلِّ : فَإِذَا فَاتَ وَقْتُ التَّقَرُّبِ بِالْإِرَاقَةِ وَالْحَقُّ مُسْتَحَقٌّ وَجَبَ التَّصَدُّقُ بِالْعَيْنِ أَوْ الْقِيمَةِ إخْرَاجًا لَهُ عَنْ الْعُهْدَةِ كَالْجُمُعَةِ تُقْضَى بَعْدَ فَوَاتِهَا ظُهْرًا ، وَالصَّوْمِ بَعْدَ الْعَجْزِ فِدْيَةً ، وَالْجَامِعُ بَيْنَهُمَا مِنْ حَيْثُ إنَّ قَضَاءَ مَا وَجَبَ عَلَيْهِ فِي الْأَدَاءِ بِجِنْسٍ خِلَافِ جِنْسِ الْأَدَاءِ انْتَهَى .

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق - (8 / 200)

وَلَوْ لم يُضَحِّ حتى مَضَتْ أَيَّامُهَا وكان غَنِيًّا وحب ( ( ( وجب ) ) ) عليه أَنْ يَتَصَدَّقَ بِالْقِيمَةِ سَوَاءٌ اشْتَرَاهَا أو لم يَشْتَرِهَا

 وَإِنْ كان فَقِيرًا فَإِنْ كان اشْتَرَاهَا وَجَبَ عليه التَّصَدُّقُ بها

 

فتاویٰ قاسمیہ (22 / 181) –

ایام نحر گزرجانے کے بعد اس کی ادایئگی کی شکل یہ ہے کہ سال بھر کا ایک بکرہ  صدقہ کرلے یا اسکی قیمت فقراء میں اسی نیت سے صدقہ کردے 

فتاویٰ محمودیہ – (26 / 347)

ایام قربانی گزرجانے کے بعد ایک حصہ قربانی کی قیمت صدقہ کرنا واجب ہے، سال آئندہ دو قربانی کرنے سے گذشتہ سال کی قضاء درست نہیں

 

 

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