Category: Business Matters
Fatwa#: 40928
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: Sep 06,2018

Title: Selling ones animal to abattoirs who only fix a price after slaughtering the animal and grading the meat

Question


السلام عليكم

Mufti Saheb Is is permissible for a muslim farmer to sell his animals to an
abattoir who will pay him only after they slaughter and skin etc.

Nowadays most abattoirs pay after slaughtering, they then grade the meat and
accordingly pay the price on the hook.

Price per kg is fixed for example, A grade R40/kg, B grade R30/kg, C grade
R20/kg.

Is this sale permissible due to the price of the animal being unknown at the
time of sale?

Will the ruling change if both parties agree, they are willingly happy and
generally this doesn't lead to any problems after, as this has become the
norm in dealing with abattoirs?

If not, is there a way to make the sale valid? Making them your
representative? Leaving the animals by them not concluding the sale and
making them responsible?

How would it work out in the situation where the abattoir is non muslim
owned?



Jazakallah

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The following procedure may be implemented to accommodate the method adopted by modern day abattoirs.

The farmer undertakes to slaughter his animals himself or through his representative. Until that point the farmer will be the owner of the slaughtered animal. The animal must be slaughtered according to Islamic principles on slaughtering. Neglecting this step would make the meat haraam and it would be impermissible for the farmer to sell the meat.[1]

He may then have the meat weighed and sell to the abattoir at that time. However, the risk is the abattoir may refuse purchasing the meat after the animal is slaughtered. The farmer may secure an undertaking from the abattoir that it will purchase the meat as per the weight of the meat.[2] 

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Aboobakr Siddeeq bin Mufti Amjad Mohammad

Student Darul Iftaa 

Azaadville, JHB, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



[1]  الاختيار لتعليل المختار - (2 / 23)

 قال : ( وبيع الميتة والدم والخمر والخنزير والحر وأم الولد

والمدبر ، والجمع بين حر وعبد ، وميتة وذكية باطل )

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق - (5 / 279)

ولم يَنْعَقِدْ بَيْعُ ما ليس بِمَالٍ مُتَقَوِّمٍ كَبَيْعِ الْحُرِّ وَالْمُدَبَّرِالْمُطْلَقِ وَأُمِّ الْوَلَدِ وَالْمُكَاتَبِ وَمُعْتَقِ الْبَعْضِ وَأَوْلَادِهِمْ إلَّا وَلَدَ الْمُكَاتَبِ المشتري في كِتَابَتِهِ وَالْمَيْتَةِ وَالدَّمِ وَذَبِيحَةِ الْمَجُوسِيِّ وَالْمُرْتَدِّ وَالْمُشْرِكِ وَالصَّبِيِّ الذي لَا يَعْقِلُ وَالْمَجْنُونِ

الجوهرة النيرة - (2 / 249)

( إذَا كَانَ أَحَدُ الْعِوَضَيْنِ مُحَرَّمًا ، أَوْ كِلَاهُمَا مُحَرَّمًا فَالْبَيْعُ فَاسِدٌ ) أَيْ بَاطِلٌ ( كَالْبَيْعِ بِالْمَيْتَةِ ، أَوْ بِالدَّمِ ، أَوْ بِالْخِنْزِيرِ ، أَوْ بِالْخَمْرِ....)

اللباب في شرح الكتاب - (1 / 121)

إذا كان أحد العوضين أو كلاهما محرماً فالبيع فاسدٌ، كالبيع بالميتة أو بالدم أو بالخمر أو بالخنزير، وكذلك إذا كان غير مملوكٍ كالحر؛ وبيع أم الولد والمدبر والمكاتب فاسدٌ.

 

[2]  القرآن الكريم – سورة بني اسرائيل:34

وَأَوْفُواْ بِالْعَهْدِ إِنَّ الْعَهْدَ كَانَ مَسْؤُولاً

Islamic Finance pg. 121

Solution to this problem ….. by asking the client to sign a promise to purchase the commodity ….

 

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.