Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 40906
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Aug 14,2018

Title: Taking oath on kufr

Question

Aslaamualaikum I pray all is well.

1) A Muslim has a thought about breaking Namaz/Salaat whilst or before reading Namaaz/Salaat and also has other thoughts before/whilst reading Namaaz/Salaat. So the Muslim verbally says/utters the below statements, with full belief and intention in the heart and mind that he will become a kaafir if he breaks or breaks and restarts his Namaz/Salaat: "I accept kufr, right here and right now, if i break my Namaaz/Salaat", or, "If i break My Namaz/Salaat because of these thoughts(mentioned above) then I am a kaafir" or "If i break My Namaz/Salaat based on these thoughts(mentioned above) then I am a kaafir" or "I accept kufr and am content with Kufr if I break my Namaaz/Salaat" or “Ya Allah I swear on your names that I won’t let you down for the shaitaan by breaking or breaking and restarting my Namaaz/salaat" or "I am a kafir if I break or break and restart Namaaz/Salaat" or "from the notyom of my heart, im a kaafir if i break or break and restart my Namaaz" or , " I am a kaafir"(with the meaning and intention; if i break my Namaaz/salaat then im a kaafir).

Does the Muslim become a kaafir (as explained above) if the Muslim does break and restarts his Namaaz/Salaat, once or many times after having the above thoughts and verbal sayings/utterances, wilfully and intentionally with the intention that he will become kaafir if he breaks his Namaaz/Salaat. OR does he become a kaafir by any of the above explained?

2) If a Muslim thinks and verbally says/utters to himself that it won't and will not be kufr/kufaaar, if he gets up and prays Namaaz/salaat(i.e. he will get up and pray and complete Salaat/Namaaz once, without breaking or breaking and restarting). So he either doesn't get up to pray Salaat/Namaaz or breaks his Namaaz/Salaat after starting it, once or many times without completing it. Does he become a kaafir by this or by doing this or any of the above explained?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Dear Brother,

The Muslim in reference should educate himself on what thoughts he should inculcate in himself before performing salah and while performing salah. 

We understand the Muslim wishes to perform his salah to the best of his ability, hence, he wishes to burden himself with such vows to be able to concentrate in salah.

There is no need to that. Before performing salah, think of the greatness of Allah Taa’la, think about standing before Allah, think of Jannah, think about Jahannam and life after death.  

Condition the mind with such thoughts and train the mind to perform salah with concentration. Do this on a few occasions and gradually build on one’s concentration. Do not become angry if one’s concentration diverts. It is inappropriate to control one’s diversion with statements of kufr etc.  

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Tareque Ahmed

Student Darul Iftaa
New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

_______________________________

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (2/ 319)

 وإن قال إن فعلت كذا فهو يهودي أو نصراني أو كافر يكون يمينا " لأنه لما جعل الشرط علما على الكفر فقد اعتقده واجب الامتناع وقد أمكن القول بوجوبه لغيره بجعله يمينا كما تقول في تحريم الحلال ولو قال ذلك لشيء قد فعله فهو الغموس ولا يكفر اعتبارا بالمستقبل وقيل يكفر لأنه تنجيز معنى فتصار كما إذا قال هو يهودي والصحيح أنه لا يكفر فيهما إن كان يعلم أنه يمين وإن كان عنده أنه يكفر بالحلف يكفر فيهما لأنه رضي بالكفر حيث أقدم على الفعل

فتاوى مفتي محمود 458/8

 

 

 

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