Fatwa: # 40860
Category: Women
Country: Pakistan
Date: 16th August 2018


Women Studying Abroad


My husband is in army and he therefore lives away from me.i have secured a scholarship for PhD in Australia and my husband really wants me to avail it. We have safe means of travel these days and we know religious people and distant relatives and friends there in Australia. The intention is to make frequent visits to Pakistan whenever my husband is on leave. Moreover, he will also join me there for about a month. However, I am confused because I have read the ruling about woman not allowed to travel without mahram. I want to go because this will make me feel less lonely here without my husband and because it will secure us financially utilizing the period when I have to live without him anyway. Can you please advise me regarding all this. JazakAllahu kher


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is prohibited for a woman to travel abroad without a mahram.[1] Your husband may travel with you and leave you in Australia with your relatives and in a safe environment where you will not get caught up in any fitna. Bear in mind that we are living in an era in which evil and immorality is rife. The issue is not only safe means of travel and having relatives. Shari‘ah takes into consideration the safety of one’s Iman as well.


And Allah Ta‘ālā Knows Best.

Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.




الفتاوى الهندية - ط. دار الفكر (١/١٤٢)

ولا تسافر المرأة بغير محرم ثلاثة أيام وما فوقها والصبي الذي لم يدرك ليس بمحرم وكذا المعتوه والشيخ الكبير الذي يعقل محرم هكذا في المحيط في كتاب الاستحسان والكراهة

بريقة محمودية في شرح طريقة محمدية وشريعة نبوية (٦/١٥٧)

( وَمِنْهَا سَفَرُ الْحُرَّةِ بِلَا زَوْجٍ وَلَا مَحْرَمٍ ) وَلَوْ لِلْحَجِّ

شرح معاني الآثار (٣/٨٩)

قالوا : ففي توقيت رسول الله الثلاث في ذلك دليل على أن حكم ما دون الثلاث بخلاف ذلك وممن قال بهذا القول أبو حنيفة وأبو يوسف ومحمد رحمهم الله تعالى فقد اتفقت هذه الآثار كلها عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في تحريم السفر ثلاثة أيام على المرأة بغير ذي محرم واختلفت ما دون الثلاث فنظرنا في ذلك فوجدنا النهي عن السفر بلا محرم مسيرة ثلاثة أيام فصاعدا ثابتا بهذه الآثار كلها وكان توقيته ثلاثة أيام في ذلك إباحة السفر دون الثلاث لها بغير محرم ولولا ذلك لما كان لذكره الثلاث معنى .

غمز عيون البصائر في شرح الأشباه والنظائر (6/ 329)

وَلَا تُسَافِرُ إلَّا بِزَوْجٍ أَوْ مَحْرَمٍ




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