Category: Charity, Obligatory (Zakaat)
Fatwa#: 40856
Asked Country: India

Answered Date: Aug 09,2018

Title: Zakat and Asr Hanafi time

Question

assalaamwalaikum

I am from India

I have 2 question 

1. I have made investment for my daughters marriage and education and I am not going to use that money except for the purpose kept , kindly advise me is zakat due on such savings.

2. I get 1 hour break for my lunch session at 4 o clock IST according to hanafi, zuhar time is valid till 5.00 pm I offer zuhar at that time ,at the same time after 30 mins there is shafi azaan for asr ,can I offer my asr prayer I am asking this question since I follow Hanafi maslak will it be valid to offer asr prayer on shafi azaan 

jazakallah

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

1)    If the money you invested for your daughter’s marriage and education belong to you and you have not given that money to your daughter, then that amount will be zakatable according to your personal financial situation.[1]
If you gift that money to your daughter and you have relinquished your rights of ownership, then that money will not belong to you. In that case, if your daughter is a minor, then she will be exempt from zakat. If she is an adult or when she becomes an adult, then zakat will be compulsory on that amount according to her financial situation.[2] [3]

2)    A Muqallid should strictly adhere to the ruling of his Madhab.

Since you follow the Hanafi madhab, you should offer the Asr salah in the Hanafi time even though you may miss out on the Jama’ah (congregation of the Shaaf’i salah). [4]

However, there is a leeway if one is in dire need to perform Asr salah according to the Shaaf’i Asr time, for example, he is a musafir or he is in a Shaaf’i congregation, then his Asr salah at that time will be valid.[5]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mahmood Baig

Student Darul Iftaa

Jeddah, KSA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 



[1]  

الجوهرة النيرة - (1 / 478) 

 قال رحمه الله ( الزكاة واجبة في عروض التجارة كائنة ما كانت ) أي سواء كانت من جنس ما تجب فيه الزكاة كالسوائم أو من غيره كالثياب والحمير .

الهداية شرح البداية - (1 / 104)

الزكاة واجبة في عروض التجارة كائنة ما كانت إذا بلغت قيمتها نصابا من الورق أو الذهب لقوله عليه الصلاة والسلام فيها يقومها فيؤدي من كل مائتي درهم خمسة

 

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق - (2 / 224)

ولو آجر عبده أو داره بنصاب إن لم يكونا للتجارة لا تجب ما لم يحل الحول بعد القبض في قوله وإن كان للتجارة كان حكمه كالقوي لأن أجرة مال التجارة كثمن مال التجارة في صحيح الرواية

 

فتاویٰ دار العلوم زکریا – (138 / 3)

مکان کی قیمت پر زکاة لازم نہیں، البتہ کرایہ کی رقم بقدر نصاب ہو یا دوسری رقم کے ساتھ ملاکر بقدر نصاب ہو تو سال گزرنے کے بعد زکاة لازم ہوگی

 

فتاویٰ محمودیہ (426 / 9)

 

[2]  
 [فتاوی رحیمیة، کتاب الزکاة، ج۷، ص۱٦١، دار الاشاعت]

 

[4]  [رد المحتار ج3 ص463 دار المعرفة] 


وانظر هل إذا لزم من تأخيره العصر إلى المثلين فوت الجماعة يكون الأولى التأخير أم لا والظاهر الأول بل يلزم لمن اعتقد رجحان قول الإمام  ...   

 

[5]  فتاوى دار العلوم زكريا جلد 2 ص٦٤

 

احسن الفتاوى جلد٢ ص١٤٥

 

http://askimam.org/public/question_detail/28041

 

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