Category: Women
Fatwa#: 40819
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: Sep 11,2018

Title: Woman traveling without a mahram

Question

Respected mufti.I am in a bit of a predicament and urgently need advice.my wife's mother and sisters are in Canada. Her youngest sister is getting married.my wife has not seen her mother in about 8yrs.the trip to Canada is about 30hrs and is very costly for all 6 of us to go.my wife's father and son is late.I'm the only available Mahrham.I have a business through which we survive.my wife wants to go alone with my infant son.I want to know if my Allah will be displeased with me if I send her alone.will it be a sin upon us and If anything has to happen to my motherin law Allah forbid the regret as well as living with that is upon me.I am also worried if anything has to happen to my wife going alone.as a male I understand but from her point it's hard. Jzk Brother in Islam Riaz

Answer

In the Name of Allāh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is not permissible for a woman to travel 78 kms or more alone. She has to be accompanied by her mahram or husband.[1] This is clearly understood from the following hadith:

"لا يحل لامرأة تؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر أن تسافر سفرا فوق ثلاثة أيام فصاعدا، إلا ومعها أبوها أو أخوها أو زوجها أو ابنها أو ذو محرم منها"

“It is not permissible for a woman, who believes in Allah and the final hour, to travel more than the distance of three days except that her father, brother, husband or mahram accompanies her” [Abu Dawud][2]

And Allah Ta‘āla Knows Best

Mehrazur Rahman

Student Darul Iftaa      

Brooklyn, NY, USA

 


[1] (صحيح مسلم، ج ١، ص ٤٣٣، قديمى)

وحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي فُدَيْكٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا الضَّحَّاكُ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، قَالَ: «لَا يَحِلُّ لِامْرَأَةٍ، تُؤْمِنُ بِاللهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ، تُسَافِرُ مَسِيرَةَ ثَلَاثِ لَيَالٍ، إِلَّا وَمَعَهَا ذُو مَحْرَمٍ»

 

(صحيح البخارى، ج ١، ص ١٤٧، قديمى)

حدثنا مسدد، قال: حدثنا يحيى، عن عبيد الله، أخبرني نافع، عن ابن عمر رضي الله عنهما، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: «لا تسافر المرأة ثلاثا إلا مع ذي محرم» تابعه أحمد، عن ابن المبارك، عن عبيد الله، عن نافع، عن ابن عمر، عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم

 

(صحيح البخارى، ج ١، ص ٢٥٠، قديمى)

 

(سنن ابى داؤد، ج ١، ص ٢٤٨، مكتبة حقانية ملتان)

 

(سنن ابن ماجه، ص ٢٠٨، قديمى)

 

(جامع الترمذى، ج ١، ص ٢١٨، سعيد)

 

(رد المحتار، ج ٢، ص ٤٦٥، سعيد)

 

(البحر الرائق، ج ٢، ص ٣١٤، سعيد)

 

(بدائع الصنائع، ج ٢، ص ١٢٣، سعيد)

 

(الولوالجية، ج ١، ص ١٣٤، مكتبة الحرمين الشرفين)

 

(الهندية، ج ١، ص ١٤٢، رشيدية)

 

( سفر کے مسائل کا انسائيکلوپيڈيا،   ج   ۱،   ص   ٤٠٠،   بيت العمار  )

 

[2] (سنن ابى داؤد، ج ٢، ص ١٤٠، المكتبة العصرية)

 

 

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.