Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 40534
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: May 25,2018

Title: Otoplasty

Question

Assalaamu `alaykum waRahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

I have a question regarding otoplasty, which is surgery that pins protruding ears back.

I have had protruduing ears my whole life and they have caused me psychological distress. I have been mocked for them and have personally always disliked them.

Neither of my parents have protruding ears or any one in my family that I know of (grandparents, uncles, aunties) and I do not believe it was genetic. I believe my ears stem from the positions I was put to rest and sleep in when I was a newborn.

In my country, we have a sleeping cot in which when one is put to rest or sleep, the ears can be pushed out into a protruding position due to the shape of the cot and how the baby is positioned.

I have come to learn that within the first 6 months of a baby being born, cartilage in the ear is still being developed and if ears are in a certain position for a prolonged period of time, they can take this shape permanantly. After 6 months, the cartilage becomes hard and the shape of the ears can no longer be altered naturally. I believe that during the time I was put to rest, the prolonged period of my ears being in a protruding position has caused them to take this position permanantly.

Would it be permissible to perform otoplasty to get my ears pinned back? The surgery is very minor, and can even be done in a surgeons office instead of a hospital, and it doesn't have a risk to ones life. The ears would only be pinned back to a point where they look normal.

JazakAllah Khair

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Otoplasty — also known as cosmetic ear surgery — is a procedure to change the shape, position or size of the ears.

Surgery for beautification purposes or without a genuine need is impermissible. However, corrective surgery is permissible when it is done for a genuine need such as removing a defect. Since your condition is causing you psychological distress it is permissible to undergo an otoplasty surgery. 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Huzaifah Deedat

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

___________

https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/otoplasty/about/pac-20394822

الفتاوى الهندية - ط. دار الفكر (5/ 360)

ذا أراد الرجل أن يقطع إصبعا زائدة أو شيئا آخر قال نصير رحمه الله تعالى إن كان الغالب على من قطع مثل ذلك الهلاك فإنه لا يفعل وإن كان الغالب هو النجاة فهو في سعة من ذلك

(107/14) شرح النووي على صحيح مسلم  دار إحياء التراث العربي

وأما قوله المتفلجات للحسن فمعناه يفعلن ذلك طلبا للحسن وفيه إشارة إلى أن الحرام هو المفعول لطلب الحسن أما لواحتاجت إليه لعلاج أو عيب في السن ونحوه فلا بأس

فتاوی دار العلوم زکریا –جلد 6 – ص 809

انسانی جسم ایسے تصرفات جو اپنی خیال میں محض زینت کے قبیل سے ہوں درست نہیں ، ہاں ازالہ عیب جائز ہے مثلا ٹوٹے

ہوۓ دانت کی جگہ دوسرا دانت لگوانا جائز ہے کیونکہ یہ ازالہ عیب ہے اسی  طرح نکلے ہوۓ دانتوں کو برابر بہی درست ہے، مصنوعی ناک کان لگوانا بہی درست ہے تاکہ عیب دور ہو جاۓ لیکن دانتوں کے فاصلہ پیدا کرنا درست نہیں ہے کیونکہ  یہ اس کے خیال میں حسن ہے جس کو فرضی حسن کہہ سکتے ہیں حقیقت سے اس کا کوئی طعلق نہیں ہے

 

 

 

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