Category: Prayer (Salaat)
Fatwa#: 40458
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Aug 16,2018

Title: Should i read Surah Fatiha Behind the Imam?

Question

Assalaam u alaikum, When praying behind an imam, when is it necessary to recite our own Fatiha and surah , I am not sure as to whether to recite it during zuhr, asr and then listen to the imam in the other prayers when the imam will read loud? JazakAllah Khairan

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

According to the Hanafi madhhab, one should not recite al-Fatiha or any other sura when praying behind an Imam, whether the Imam is reciting softly in Zuhr and Asr salats or loudly in Fajr, Maghrib, and ‘Isha salats.[1]

 

And Allah Ta‘ālā Knows Best.

 

Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 

 

 

 


[1]

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (١/٥٤٤)

(والمؤتم لا يقرأ مطلقا) ولا الفاتحة في السرية اتفاقا

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (١/٥٤٤)

(قوله ولا الفاتحة) بالنصب معطوف على محذوف تقديره لا غير الفاتحة ولا الفاتحة، وقوله في السرية يعلم منه نفي القراءة في الجهرية بالأولى

درر الحكام شرح غرر الأحكام (١/٨٣)

وَصَرَّحَ مُحَمَّدٌ فِي كُتُبِهِ بِعَدَمِ الْقِرَاءَةِ خَلْفَ الْإِمَامِ فِيمَا يُجْهَرُ فِيهِ وَمَا لَا يُجْهَرُ فَإِنَّهُ فِي كِتَابِ الْآثَارِ فِي بَابِ الْقِرَاءَةِ خَلْفَ الْإِمَامِ بَعْدَ مَا أَسْنَدَ إلَى عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ قَيْسٍ أَنَّهُ مَا قَرَأَ قَطُّ فِيمَا يُجْهَرُ فِيهِ وَلَا فِيمَا لَا يُجْهَرُ فِيهِ قَالَ وَبِهِ نَأْخُذُ لَا نَرَى الْقِرَاءَةَ خَلْفَ الْإِمَامِ فِي شَيْءٍ مِنْ الصَّلَوَاتِ يُجْهَرُ فِيهِ أَوْ لَا يُجْهَرُ.

البناية شرح الهداية (٢/٣١٣)

[قراءة المؤتم خلف الإمام]

م: (ولا يقرأ المؤتم خلف الإمام) ش: سواء جهر الإمام أو أسر به.

مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: ٨٦)

"ولا يقرأ المؤتم بل يستمع" حال جهر الإمام "وينصت" حال إسراره لقوله تعالى: {وَإِذَا قُرِئَ الْقُرْآنُ فَاسْتَمِعُوا لَهُ وَأَنْصِتُوا} [الأعراف: من الآية204] وقال صلى الله عليه وسلم: "يكفيك قراءة الإمام جهر أم خافت"

 

 

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