Category: Miscellaneous
Fatwa#: 40364
Asked Country: Netherlands

Answered Date: Apr 09,2018

Title: Praying Nafl Salah before sunnats. How did our prophet (SAW) spend his day?

Question

Salam, respected Mufti,

I apologize for bothering you and interrupting your busy schedule but I had just three questions,

1) is it permissible to do nafl salah before the sunnahs of farz salah, e.g after Isha, is it permissible to perform nafl before doing the 2 sunnah?

2) Secondly Could you kindly possibly list down all the sunnahs of our Nabi (SAW), I would like to know what he (SAW) did from Fajr until Fajr the next day

Morning, Afternoon, Evening, Night

I would like to know in detail what he (SAW) did throughout a day if that is possible, e.g. after fajr, late morning, early afternoon, late afternoon, early evening etc. Could you possibly write down in detail how he (SAW) spent his day

It seems like people only know small sunnahs of our Nabi (SAW) such as duas, and small actions but I don't know what he (SAW) did for big periods of the day, for example I know he (SAW) use to stay in the masjid from fajr to sunrise and then pray ishrak, but what did he (SAW) do after that? what did he do early morning and late morning? Or what did he (SAW) do in the afternoon, how did he (SAW) spend his afternoon? etc.

3) Also Is following the sunnah always more rewarding? for example the prophet (SAW) slept for 3 portions of the night and prayed for 2 portions and then slept for the last portion, would following that always be more rewarding than praying all night? (even including in Ramadan)

Or another example our prophet SAW fasted Monday and Thursdays, would following that be more rewarding than fating every other day (the fast of Dawud)?

Did the ulama of the past go against the sunnah by praying all night? e.g Imam hanafi (RA)

 I would be grateful if you could with this

I really hope you can answer these 3 questions for me, JazakAllah,

May Allah reward you and bless you for everyone you have helped and for all your hard work and bless you with goodness in this life and the hereafter.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

We commend you on your spirit for Ibaadah. We make dua Allah Ta'āla keeps you steadfast.

The Sunnah Salah before and after the Fardh Salah are also classed as Nafl.[1] The Sunnah Salah are very important and hold great rewards. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:

 

مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ مُسْلِمٍ يُصَلِّي لِلَّهِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ ثِنْتَيْ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً تَطَوُّعًا، غَيْرَ فَرِيضَةٍ، إِلَّا بَنَى اللهُ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ، أَوْ إِلَّا بُنِيَ لَهُ بَيْتٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ قالت أم حبيبة: «فما برحت أصليهن بعد»[2]

“If any Muslim servant prays for the sake of Allah twelve rak'ahs optional Salah every day, besides the Faraa’idh, Allah will build for him a house in Paradise or a house will be built for him in Paradise” Umm Habibah mentions, “After (hearing) this, I continuously prayed them” (Muslim: 103)

Following the Sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) in all affairs is the key to attaining the love of Allah Ta'āla.[3] For detailed and comprehensive works on day to day Sunnats, please refer to the following books:

 “Sunnats” by Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (hafizahullah).

“Beautiful Sunnats of the Beloved Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam)” by Shah Hakeem Muhammad Akhtar (rahmatullahi alayhi).

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mizanur Rahman

Student, Darul Iftaa

UK

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



[1]  غنية المتملي على شرح منية المصلي حلبي صغير، الشيخ ابراهيم بن محمد بن ابراهيم الحلبي (المتوفى: 956هـ)، دار النشر العلمية، جوهانسبرغ، جنوب أفريقية (ص: 236)

جمع نافلة وهي في اللغة الزيادة وفي الشرع العبادة التي ليست بفرض ولا واجب فتعم السنة والمستحب والتطوع الغير الموقت

 

[2] صحيح مسلم، أبو الحسين مسلم بن الحجاج القشيري النيسابوري (المتوفى: 261هـ)، دار إحياء التراث العربي، بيروت، لبنان (1/ 503)

وحدثنا محمد بن بشار، حدثنا محمد بن جعفر، حدثنا شعبة، عن النعمان بن سالم، عن عمرو بن أوس، عن عنبسة بن أبي سفيان، عن أم حبيبة، زوج النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، أنها قالت: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم، يقول: «ما من عبد مسلم يصلي لله كل يوم ثنتي عشرة ركعة تطوعا، غير فريضة، إلا بنى الله له بيتا في الجنة، أو إلا بني له بيت في الجنة» قالت أم حبيبة: «فما برحت أصليهن بعد» وقال عمرو: «ما برحت أصليهن بعد»، وقال النعمان مثل ذلك.

 

[3] القرآن الكريم [آل عمران: 31]

{قُلْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُحِبُّونَ اللَّهَ فَاتَّبِعُونِي يُحْبِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ ذُنُوبَكُمْ وَاللَّهُ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ}

 

 تفسير القرآن العظيم (ابن كثير)، أبو الفداء إسماعيل بن عمر بن كثير القرشي البصري ثم الدمشقي (المتوفى: 774هـ)، دار الكتب العلمية، بيروت، لبنان (2/26-27)

هذه الآية الكريمة حاكمة على كل من ادعى محبة الله، وليس هو على الطريقة المحمدية فإنه كاذب في دعواه في نفس الأمر، حتى يتبع الشرع المحمدي والدين النبوي في جميع أقواله وأحواله، كما ثبت في الصحيح عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه قال: "من عمل عملا ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد" ولهذا قال: {قل إن كنتم تحبون الله فاتبعوني يحببكم الله} أي: يحصل لكم فوق ما طلبتم من محبتكم إياه، وهو محبته إياكم، وهو أعظم من الأول، كما قال بعض الحكماء العلماء: ليس الشأن أن تحب، إنما الشأن أن تحب وقال الحسن البصري وغيره من السلف: زعم قوم أنهم يحبون الله فابتلاهم الله بهذه الآية، فقال: {قل إن كنتم تحبون الله فاتبعوني يحببكم الله} .

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