Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 40155
Asked Country: Malaysia

Answered Date: Mar 10,2018

Title: Jumu’ah of a Shafi’ee if less than 40; Musaafir according to the Shafi’ee madhab


I pray you are in the best of health

My question is in regards to Jummah prayer, we pray with jammat at work. However there is only about 25 of us, one of the brothers is a follower of Shafee mazhab. He has queried whether he still prays behind us to partake in the reward of congregation or prays Zohr alone? according to Imam Shafiee
rahimaullah 40 people are required.

Secondly according to Shafiee mazhab, when is a person classed as a musafir?

JazakAllah Khairun


In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Brother in Islaam,

  1. In principle, according to the Shafi’ee madhab, a congregation of forty is a requirement for the validity of the Jumu’ah salaah[1]. Hence, if the congregation at your place does not reach forty, the brother in reference will have to find an alternative congregation reaching the minimum limit of forty. It will not be permissible for him to leave out the Jumu’ah salaah and pray Zuhr instead. Jumu’ah salaah is an obligation upon every sound, healthy and residing Muslim[2]. It is not permissible to leave out the Jumu’ah salaah without a valid Shar’ee reason.
  2. A musaafir is one who leaves his city limits, intending to eventually travel the safar distance for a lawful act[3].


And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best

Muajul I. Chowdhury


Student, Darul Iftaa

Astoria, New York, USA


Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

[1]  متن أبي شجاع المسمى الغاية والتقريب (ص: 12) 

"فصل" وشرائط وجوب الجمعة سبعة أشياء: الإسلام والبلوغ والعقل والحرية والذكورية والصحة والاستيطان, وشرائط فعلها ثلاثة أن تكون البلد مصرا أو قرية وأن يكون العدد أربعين من أهل الجمعة وأن يكون الوقت باقيا


المهذب في فقة الإمام الشافعي للشيرازي (1/ 207) 

فصل: ولا تصح إلا بأربعين نفساً


روضة الطالبين وعمدة المفتين (2/ 7) 

الشرط الرابع: العدد. فلا تنعقد الجمعة بأقل من أربعين، هذا هو المذهب الصحيح المشهور.


[2]  المجموع شرح المهذب (4/ 483) 

أما حكم المسألة فالجمعة فرض عين على كل مكلف غير أصحاب الأعذار والنقص المذكورين هذا هو المذهب وهو المنصوص للشافعي في كتبه وقطع به الأصحاب


[3]  المجموع شرح المهذب (4/ 323) 

فقال أصحابنا لا يجوز القصر إلا في سفر يبلغ ثمانية وأربعين ميلا بالهاشمي سواء في هذا جميع الأسفار المباحة هذا هو المذهب وبه قطع الجمهور

DISCLAIMER - questions answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.