Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 39917
Asked Country: South Africa

Answered Date: Mar 11,2018

Title: What constitutes وطن أصلي?


السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته


a person lives in Isipingo Beach and has been living in Isipingo for more than 20 years, he has a house and owns and runs two businesses in ispingo. 

He still lives and works in ispingo Beach for most of the year


This person bought a flat in surat, in a street where his grandfather used to live, and passed away many many years ago.


He goes to the flat once every few months and his period of stay in surat varies from less than 14 days upto 20 days. When he is not in surat he gives out the flat on rent to people from south africa who go to Surat for holiday or medical treatment. 

When he purchased the flat he made intention that due to it being in the area where his ancestors used to live this will also be his house /وطن اصلي. 



1) will surat become his وطن اصلي while ispingo Beach remains his وطن اصلي? 

Thus he will have 2 وطن اصلي and will never be a musafir when he goes to surat


2)Can he read full Salaah in surat if he is only staying there for 10 days in that particular journey, because he has an intention to return to surat for another week or two after three months and this is the home town of his ancestors (including grandparents) 


In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. 


Watan asli (وطن الأصلي) is defined as,

1)    The place where your wife and children stay or

2)    The place where you were born and grew up or

3)    The place you intend to stay permanently  [1]

In the enquired situation, the person merely bought a house in Surat. He does not intend living there permanently neither does he have his wife and children there.


1)    Surat will not become his وطن الأصلي.


2)    He will make Qasr Salaah when he goes to Surat except if his staying in Surat for fifteen consecutive days or more[2].


And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best

Muhammed Al-Ameen Bin Moulana Ismail Akoo


Student, Darul Iftaa

Newcastle; KZN, South Africa


Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

[1] مراقي الفلاح شرح متن نور الإيضاح\باب صلاة المسافر

ج 1\ص 165 (المكتبة العصرية)

ويبطل الوطن الأصلي بمثله فقط ويبطل وطن الإقامة بمثله وبالسفر وبالأصلي والوطن الأصلي هو الذي ولد فيه أو تزوج أو لم يتزوج وقصد التعيش لا الارتحال عنه



الدر المختار شرح تنوير الأبصار وجامع البحار

ج 1\ص 106 (دار الكتب العلمية)

(الوطن الاصلي) هو موطن ولادته أو تأهله أو توطنه



المبسوط\ج1-ص254 (دار المعرفة – بيروت)

ويسمى الوطن الأصلي وهو أنه إذا نشأ ببلدة أو تأهل بها توطن بها


[2] وفي الاختيار لتعليل المختار\ج 1-ص 79 (دار الكتب العلمية)


بَابُ صَلَاةِ الْمسافر وَفَرْضُهُ فِي كُلِّ رُبَاعِيَّةٍ رَكْعَتَانِ (ف) ، وَيَصِيرُ مُسَافِرًا إِذَا فَارَقَ بُيُوتَ الْمِصْرِ قَاصِدًا مَسِيرَةَ ثَلَاثَةِ أَيَّامٍ وَلَيَالِيهَا بِسَيْرِ الْإِبِلِ وَمَشْيِ الْأَقْدَامِ، وَيُعْتَبَرُ فِي الْجَبَلِ مَا يَلِيقُ بِهِ، وَفِي الْبَحْرِ اعْتِدَالُ الرِّيَاحِ، وَلَا يَزَالُ عَلَى حُكْمِ السَّفَرِ حَتَّى يَدْخُلَ مِصْرَهُ أَوْ يَنْوِيَ الْإِقَامَةَ خَمْسَةَ عَشَرَ  

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