Category: Hadith
Fatwa#: 39741
Asked Country: Pakistan

Answered Date: Feb 15,2018

Title: Is this true that Hazrat Umar RA made ruju from his ruling of 3 divorces counting as 3?

Question

 Is this true that Hazrat Omar made ruju from his ruling of 3 divorces counting as 3?

Following narration mentioned by Ibn Qayyum:

قال الحافظ أبو بكر الإسماعيلى فى مسند عمر: أخبرنا أبو يعلى: حدثنا صالح ابن مالك: حدثنا خالد بن يزيد بن أبى مالك عن أبيه قال: قال عمر بن الخطاب رضى الله عنه: ما ندمت على شىء ندامتى على ثلاث: أن لا أكون حرمت الطلاق، وعلى أن لا أكون أنكحت الموالى، وعلى أن لا أكون قتلت النوائح ِِِ اغاثۃاللہفان ج1ص493.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

(It has been reported) that Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “I have not regretted over anything equal to my regret over three things:

  1. That I should not have forbidden talaq
  2. That I should not have married off the slaves
  3. That I should not have executed the professional wailers”   

The statement attributed above to Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) is not authentic.

There are two defects in the chain of this narration:

  1. Khalid ibn Yazid is a weak narrator
  2. Yazid bin Abi Malik did not reach Umar. He is known to conceal those who appear between him and the narrator he did not reach.     

Furthermore, in the statement of reference there is no express mention of Umar (may Allah be pleased with him ) rescinding his verdict on three talaqs.[i][ii][iii]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Tahmid Chowdhury

Student Darul Iftaa

New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai



[i]

سير أعلام النبلاء (16/ 292)

الإِسْمَاعِيْلِيُّ أَحْمَدُ بنُ إِبْرَاهِيْمَ بنِ إِسْمَاعِيْلَ

وَصَنَّفَ تَصَانِيْفَ تَشْهدُ لَهُ بِالإِمَامَةِ فِي الفِقْهِ وَالحَدِيْثِ، عملَ (مُسندَ عُمَرَ - رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ -) فِي مُجَلَّدتينِ

 

[ii]

تهذيب التهذيب (3/ 126)

 

تقريب التهذيب 191

- خالد ابن يزيد ابن عبد الرحمن ابن أبي مالك وقد ينسب إلى جد أبيه أبو هاشم الدمشقي ضعيف مع كونه كان فقيها وقد اتهمه ابن معين من الثامنة مات سنة خمس وثمانين وهو ابن ثمانين ق

 

[iii]

تهذيب التهذيب (11/ 346)

يقال ولد سنة ستين وقال بن سعد عن الواقدي مات سنة ثلاثين ومائة وهو بن اثنتين وسبعين سنة وفيها أرخه غير واحد وقال أبو زرعة الدمشقي حدثت عن الوليد بن مسلم أن يزيد بن أبي مالك كان باقيا إلى سنة ثمان وثلاثين ومائة

 

ميزان الاعتدال (4/ 439)

يزيد بن أبي مالك  

وهو صاحب تدليس وإرسال عمن لم يدرك

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