Category: Miscellaneous
Fatwa#: 39685
Asked Country: India

Answered Date: Feb 10,2018

Title: Hadith Authenticity

Question

Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakaatuhu.

 

Can you please confirm if the below hadith is authentic.

Hazrat Safwaan bin Sulaim radiallaho ta’ala anhu narrates that Rasool Allah sallalaho alaihe wasallam was asked,

 “Can a believer be a coward? He said, “Yes, he can be coward. Then it was asked whether a believer could be a miser? He replied, “Yes, he can be a miser”, it was then asked whether a believer could be a liar? He replied, “No, a believer cannot be a liar.” (Imam Malik, Mishkaat)

 

Jazakkallahu khairun

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The hadith in reference is as follows:

عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ سُلَيْمٍ أَنَّهُ قَالَ قِيلَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَيَكُونُ الْمُؤْمِنُ جَبَانًا فَقَالَ‏ نَعَمْ‏ فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَيَكُونُ الْمُؤْمِنُ بَخِيلاً فَقَالَ نَعَمْ فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَيَكُونُ الْمُؤْمِنُ كَذَّابًا فَقَالَ لاَ. 

It is narrated from Safwan ibn Sulaym that he said, “Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was asked, ‘Can a believer be a coward?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ He was asked, ‘Can a believer be a miser?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ He was asked, ‘Can a believer be a liar?’ He said, ‘No.’” (Muwatta’ Malik, 1832)[1]

The hadith is authentic.

And Allah Ta‘ālā Knows Best.

Lutfi Alam

Student, Darul Iftaa

New York, USA

Checked and Approved by:
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 



[1]

موطأ مالك ت الأعظمي (٥/١٤٤١) 

٣٦٣٠/ ٨٢٤ - مَالِكٌ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ سُلَيْمٍ؛ أَنَّهُ قِيلَ لِرَسُولِ اللهِصلى الله عليه وسلم: أَيَكُونُ الْمُؤْمِنُ جَبَاناً؟ فَقَالَ: «نَعَمْ.» فَقِيلَ لَهُ: أَيَكُونُ الْمُؤْمِنُ بَخِيلاً؟ فَقَالَ: «نَعَمْ.» فَقِيلَ لَهُ: أَيَكُونُ الْمُؤْمِنُ كَذَّاباً؟ فَقَالَ: «لاَ.»

شعب الإيمان (٦/٤٥٦)

٤٤٧٢ - أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو زَكَرِيَّا بْنُ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، أنا أَبُو الْحُسَيْنِ الطَّرَائِفِيُّ، نا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، نا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، فِيمَا قَرَأَ عَلَى مَالِكٍ، عَنْ صفْوَانَ بْنِ سُلَيْمٍ، أَنَّهُ قِيلَ لِرَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: أَيَكُونُ الْمُؤْمِنُ جَبَانًا؟ قَالَ: " نَعَمْ " قِيلَ: أَيَكُونُ الْمُؤْمِنُ بَخِيلًا؟ قَالَ: " نَعَمْ " فَقِيلَ لَهُ: أَيَكُونُ الْمُؤْمِنُ كَذَّابًا؟ قَالَ: " لَا "

مسند أحمد ط الرسالة (٣٦/٥٠٥) المحقق: شعيب الأرنؤوط - عادل مرشد، وآخرون

وعن صفوان بن سليم عند مالك في "الموطأ" ٢/٩٩٠، ومن طريقه البيهقي في "شعب الإيمان" (٤٨١٢) ، ولفظه: قيل لرسول الله صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: أيكون المؤمن جباناً؟ فقال: "نعم" فقيل له: أيكون المؤمن بخيلاً؟ فقال: "نعم" فقيل له: أيكون المؤمن كذاباً؟ فقال: "لا". وإسناده صحيح إلا أنه مرسل أو معضل.

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