Category: Business Matters
Fatwa#: 39592
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Feb 05,2018

Title: Misc. questions regarding sadaqa

Question

Assalaam Wa'alaikum Wa Rahmatullah...

Is it okay to give Sadaqah on behalf of someone else. As in, I have this Masjid donation box at home and also put some money in to it every now and then especially if a minor accident happens with me etc. I have a friend, she is like a sister but very forgetful in that sense of doing such things... many times she is involved in minor accidents etc. and I tell her to put some money aside to give to a Masjid or something whenever - but she barely remembers. So, this time I decided to put some money into my Masjid donation box on her behalf (by mentioning her name, and praying for her).

So, the main question is that would this be accepted? As well, as doing Sadaqah on behalf of other people, such as my parents, my friends, relatives and the deceased? Because, when I was younger my mum would always make me touch the money before placing it in for Sadaqah on my behalf whenever something happened with me or when she has bad dreams about me. Is it necessary to make someone touch it, or only they have to do their own?

Jazak'Allahu Khair'an. 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, it is permissible to give sadaqa on behalf of someone else, although it would be better if your friend can adopt this practice herself. However, there is no need to touch the sadaqa money before offering the sadaqa for it to be valid. This practice should be completely avoided. The intention for sadaqa is sufficient.[i][ii][iii]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Tahmid Chowdhury

Student Darul Iftaa

New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



[i]

السنن الكبرى للبيهقي (3/ 536)

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " دَاوُوا مَرْضَاكُمْ بِالصَّدَقَةِ، وَحَصِّنُوا أَمْوَالَكُمْ بِالزَّكَاةِ، وَأَعِدُّوا لِلْبَلَاءِ الدُّعَاءَ "

 

مجمع الزوائد ومنبع الفوائد (3/ 64)

وفيه موسى بن عمير الكوفي، وهو متروك

 

سنن الترمذي ت بشار (2/ 45)

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن الصدقة لتطفئ غضب الرب وتدفع ميتة السوء.

هذا حديث حسن غريب من هذا الوجه.

 

[ii]

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 243)

صرح علماؤنا في باب الحج عن الغير بأن للإنسان أن يجعل ثواب عمله لغيره صلاة أو صوما أو صدقة أو غيرها كذا في الهداية، بل في زكاة التتارخانية عن المحيط: الأفضل لمن يتصدق نفلا أن ينوي لجميع المؤمنين والمؤمنات لأنها تصل إليهم ولا ينقص من أجره شيء

 

[iii]

نفائس الفقه للمفتي شعيب عالم ٣/٢٤٤

 

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