Category:
Fatwa#: 39576
Asked Country: Pakistan

Answered Date: Feb 01,2018

Title: Does a daughter in-law inherit from the father in-law?

Question

Dear Mufti Sahab,

Asalamualikum

I have a question, which is as under:

My name is Rashid Abdullah; my father was expired in 2000.  I have 4 sisters and a mother. My grandfather (DADA) expired in 2016, and asked my all uncles ( Chahas) to distribute his left wealth according to sheriah, among all the heirs, including my mother. We have got some money in this account, I would like to know is this all money belongs to my mother or we should distribute according to sheriah or we distribute equally among brother, sisters and mother.

Wait for your answer.

Jazak Allah

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

You enquire regarding the estate of your grandfather (dada).

You stated that your father passed away before the demise of your grandfather (dada).

 

Therefore, your father was not entitled to a share from your grandfather’s (dada’s) estate.

So the money in your mother’s account forms part of your uncle’s inheritance, and does not belong to your mother. [i]

However, your mother will be entitled to receive money if your grandfather (dada) made a bequest(wasiyyah) on behalf of you mother.

The total amount that is bequeathed to non-heirs must not exceed 1/3 (one third) of the estate after burial expenses and paying off debts.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Muhammad IV Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (6/ 774) [i]

(قوله: ويقدم الأقرب فالأقرب إلخ) أي الأقرب جهة ثم الأقرب درجة ثم الأقوى قرابة فاعتبار الترجيح أولا بالجهة عند الاجتماع، فيقدم جزؤه كالابن وابنه على أصله كالأب وأبيه ويقدم أصله على جزء أبيه كالإخوة لغير أم وأبنائهم، ويقدم جزء أبيه على جزء جده كالأعمام لغير أم وأبنائهم وبعد الترجيح بالجهة إذا تعدد أهل تلك الجهة اعتبر الترجيح بالقرابة، فيقدم الابن على ابنه والأب على أبيه والأخ على ابنه لقرب الدرجة، وبعد اتحاد الجهة والقرابة يعتبر الترجيح بالقوة، فيقدم الأخ الشقيق على الأخ لأب، وكذا أبناؤهم،

سراجي

هو أربعةُ أصناف: جزء الميِّت وأصله وجزء ابيه وجزء جدّه الأقرب فالأقرب يرجَّحون لقرب الدرجة، أعني به أولادهم بالميراث جزء الميِّت: أي البنون، ثم بنوهم وإن سفلوا، ثم أصله أي الأب ثم الجدّ أي أب الأب وإن علا، ثم جزء أبيه: أي الأخوة ثم بنوهم وإن سفلوا ثم جزءُ جدّه: أي الأعمام ثمَّ بنو عم وان سفلوا، ثم يرجَّحون بقوّة القرابة

 

فتاؤي محمؤديه   جلد30   ص251

 

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