Category: Business Matters
Fatwa#: 39558
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Feb 06,2018

Title: Interest bearing student loan

Question

Assalamu alaykum, I have taken an interest bearing loan and have come to realize its seriousness. I cannot take do anything about it now. So I am giving all my efforts to pay back the whole loan, approximately equal £45000 within 5 years (before I graduate). Once I graduate, interest is then only added on. before that there is no interest in the loan. If I manage to pay it all off by working before I graduate, would this loan then be halal? 

 

In the likely event that I don't finish paying off approx £45000 but have exerted all my efforts and cut all spending excluding the necessity, could I still be forgiven? Is there anything I should do now to fix my issue?

 

JazakhAllah

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

We commend you on your courage and strength of Imāan.

In principle, it is not permissible to take an interest-bearing loan. [1]

The very contract itself is prohibited even though one may pay the loan timeously and avoid paying interest.

We advise you to pay the debt as soon as possible and make Tawbah and Istighfaar for the sin you have committed and make a firm resolve never to involve yourself in Riba based transactions. You may also give some Sadaqah, which helps dispel and alleviate the wrath of Allah (Ta’alah).

We make du῾ā’ Allah opens His doors of sustenance for you and provide you with all your requirements in a halal manner.  Aameen.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

 

Muhammad IV Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي (3/ 61) [1]

لأن الربا هو الفضل المستحق لأحد المتعاقدين في المعاوضة الخالي عن عوض شرط فيه

 

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (5/ 169)

لأن الربا هو الفضل الخالي عن العوض، وحقيقة الشروط الفاسدة هي زيادة ما لا يقتضيه العقد ولا يلائمه فيكون فيه فضل خال عن العوض وهو الربا بعينه اهـ ملخصا

 

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (5/ 166)

(قوله كل قرض جر نفعا حرام) أي إذا كان مشروطا كما علم مما نقله عن البحر، وعن الخلاصة وفي الذخيرة وإن لم يكن النفع مشروطا في القرض، فعلى قول الكرخي لا بأس به

 

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق ومنحة الخالق وتكملة الطوري (8/ 229)

 وَيَرُدُّونَهُ عَلَى أَرْبَابِهِ إنْ عَرَفُوهُمْ، وَإِلَّا يَتَصَدَّقُوا بِهِ؛ لِأَنَّ سَبِيلَ الْكَسْبِ الْخَبِيثِ التَّصَدُّقُ إذَا تَعَذَّرَ الرَّدُّ

 

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (6/ 385)

 ويردونها على أربابها إن عرفوهم، وإلا تصدقوا بها لأن سبيل الكسب الخبيث التصدق إذا تعذر الرد على صاحبه

 

دار العلوم ديو بند جلد2    ص703

فتاؤي محمؤديه   جلد24   ص404


فتاوی دا

‘ر العلوم زکریا، ج5،ص514)

اگر اموال ربویہ سے قرض لینے کا مطلب یہ ہو کہ قرض بینک سے لیتا ہے اور اس پر سود ادا کریگا تو یہ درست نہیں کیونکہ جامعہ کی تعلیم فرض نہیں اور نہ انتہائی مجبوری ہےے کہ اس کے لیے ناجائز کا ارتکاب کیا جاۓ

 

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