Category: Marriage (Nikah)
Fatwa#: 39433
Asked Country: Albania

Answered Date: Nov 21,2017

Title: How can I get married online?

Question

How to get marry online

and what actions should be taken In order to

make a good marriage valid in shari'a and on sunnah Allah and his messenger?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

You may read the following fatwa written by Mufti Nabeel Valli. [1]

 

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

In principle, nikāh conducted over the telephone/internet or Skype is not permissible since it does not fulfil the criteria of enacting the nikāh, which is that the Ījāb (proposal) and Qabūl (acceptance) must take place in the actual and physical presence of at least two witnesses in the same sitting. In the case of performing nikāh over the telephone or Skype, both potential spouses are in two different places and the witnesses are not with both parties in one sitting.

 

However, as an alternative, it will be permissible for one of the two persons intending to get married to appoint someone as a wakīl (agent) on the other end to contract the marriage and to pronounce the proposal and acceptance on his/her behalf, in the physical presence of at least two Muslim, sane, mature male witnesses or one male and two female witnesses.

 

For example, if the man is in the UAE and the woman in Pakistan, then the man may appoint somebody in Pakistan as his wakīl (agent) and authorise him to contract the Nikah on his behalf with the woman. Or, the woman may appoint a wakīl (agent) in the UAE to contract the Nikah on her behalf.

 

If the party which has appointed an agent on their behalf wishes to observe the nikāh taking place, then they may hear the nikāh over the phone. However, they may not take any active part in the nikāh.

 

The direct performance of nikāh via Skype without appointing a wakīl (agent) will not be valid.

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Nabeel Valli

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Rabiul Islam

Student Darul Iftaa
Detroit, Michigan, USA 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

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