Category: Fasting (Sawm)
Fatwa#: 39190
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Oct 21,2017

Title: Kissing whilst fasting

Question

Asalamualaykum wa rahmatullahi wabarakatuhu respected Mufti Sahib

 

Our question pertains to acts which break the fardh fast.

 

During the fardh fast of Ramadan, a newly married couple engaged in passionate kissing wherein the tongue entered the spouse's mouth. They were under the impression that this is a permissible act during fasting as they had come across two ahadith that indicated that it is permissible to do so during fasting.

 

One hadith was the hadith of Sayyidina Umar radiyAllahu anhu where the Prophet SallAllahu alayhe wassallam likened kissing to the act of rinsing the mouth during wudu. The other hadith was in Sunan Abi Dawud that stated that Prophet SallAllahu alayhe wassallam used to kiss his wife during the fast.

 

The couple have come across a source that mentioned that this act is impermissible during fasting. Could Mufti sahib please explain if:

a) the fast broke and qadha is needed

b) if kaffarah is needed or not and if so, is one kaffarah sufficient or will they have to give multiple kaffarahs for multiple fasts?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

 

 

 

It is permissible for the spouses to kiss each other in the state of fasting on condition:

a)    It is not with sexual affection,

b)    They can contain their carnal desires to ensure that it does not lead to intercourse or ejaculation,

c)    There is no exchange of saliva.

It is not permissible to kiss in a way that saliva is exchanged. That will invalidate the fast and Qadha will become compulsory if it is a fardh fast. Kaffarah too will become compulsory. It is not permissible to engage in any sexual activity which will lead to intercourse. Intercourse in the state of fardh fast will invalidate the fast, and Qadha and Kaffarah will become compulsory. [[i]][[ii]]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Riḍwān

Student Darul Iftaa 

UK

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai

 



[i]

 (قوله وكره قبلة إلخ) جزم في السراج بأن القبلة الفاحشة بأن يمضغ شفتيها تكره على الإطلاق أي سواء أمن أو لا قال في النهر: والمعانقة على التفصيل في المشهور وكذا المباشرة الفاحشة في ظاهر الرواية وعن محمد كراهتها مطلقا وهو رواية الحسن قيل وهو الصحيح. اهـ. واختار الكراهة في الفتح وجزم بها في الولوالجية بلا ذكر خلاف وهي أن يعانقها وهما متجردان ويمس فرجه فرجها بل قال في الذخيرة إن هذا مكروه بلا خلاف؛ لأنه يفضي إلى الجماع غالبا. اهـ. وبه علم أن رواية محمد بيان لكون ما في ظاهر الرواية من كراهة المباشرة ليس على إطلاقه، بل هو محمول على غير الفاحشة ولذا قال في الهداية والمباشرة مثل التقبيل في ظاهر الرواية، وعن محمد أنه كره المباشرة الفاحشة اهـ وبه ظهر أن ما مر عن النهر من إجراء الخلاف في الفاحشة ليس مما ينبغي، ثم رأيت في التتارخانية عن المحيط: التصريح بما ذكرته من التوفيق بين الروايتين وأنه لا فرق بينهما ولله الحمد

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 417)

 

ولا بأس بالقبلة إذا أمن على نفسه من الجماع والإنزال ويكره إن لم يأمن والمس في جميع ذلك كالقبلة كذا في التبيين.

وأما القبلة الفاحشة، وهي أن يمص شفتيها فتكره على الإطلاق، والجماع فيما دون الفرج والمباشرة كالقبلة في ظاهر الرواية

الفتاوى الهندية (1/ 200)

 

[ii]

فتاوى دار العلوم زكريا 3/307

فتاوى محمودية 10/171

 

و" منه "ابتلاع بزاق زوجته أو" بزاق "صديقه" لأنه يتلذذ به "لا" تلزمه الكفارة ببزاق "غيرهما

قوله: "لأنه يتلذذ به" أي وتنقضي به الشهوة

 حاشية الطحطاوي على مراقي الفلاح شرح نور الإيضاح (ص: 667)

 

ولا بأس للصاءم ان يقبل ويباشر اذا امن على نفسه ما سوى ذلك، ويكره ان لم يأمن

الفتاوى التاترخانية 3/399

 

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