Category: Inheritance (Irth)
Fatwa#: 39064
Asked Country: India

Answered Date: Sep 10,2017

Title: Various questions on wasiyyah (bequest)

Question

Assalamu Alaikum, Zaid during his lifetime made an agreement in which he mentioned "This 2000 sqft property of mine will belong to me during my lifetime and as soon as my death occurs my nephew(Hamid) will take over the property n he then will become its owner and have full possession over it".Zaid then hands over this agreement to Hamid.    After zaid's death his inheritors are asking Hamid for their share in the same property and have been torturing him to act accordingly.They however declared that they would no longer ask for their share once Hamid shows them the agreement which was made by Zaid but Hamid refuses to show them the agreement.

This refusal is creating a doubt in everyone's mind if Hamid is truely genuine with his statement.

My question is: 1)Zaid was not married.He has 3 brothers and one sister.Will the nephew(Hamid) be a heir in this case? 2)If this wassiyat was within the 1/3 of Zaid's total wealth,will then the inheritors still have the right to ask for a share? 3)If this wassiyat was more than 1/3 of Zaid's Wealth,will Hamid have to pay the inheritors (for the exceeding amount of the property) as per the current rate in the market or will the agreement be termed null n void? 4)All that zaid had in his ownership was this property and Rs 92000 in cash.So when calculating the total wealth of Zaid, will the property's current market rate be considered or the rate which was then when he died?

5)What if Zaid fails to show the agreement or bring forth witnesses in future.Will his claim get rejected?

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

If Zaid made the agreement in reference, then that will be a wasiyyah (bequest) in favour of Hamid.

In principle, a bequest is valued only up to 1/3rd of a person’s estate after burial expense and debts (if any).

In the enquired situation, Zaid’s estate must be first valued to determine how much of the property Hamid is entitled to. If the estate comprises of the property and the Rs92000, then the market value of the property will be considered and Zaid will be entitled to 1/3rd of the entire estate as explained above.[1]

If the heirs object to Hamid’s claim and he cannot substantiate his claim, he will not be entitled to the wasiyyah (bequest).[2]

 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Muhammad IV Patel

Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



الفتاوى الهندية -ط. دار الفكر (6/ 90)[1]

ثُمَّ تَصِحُّ الْوَصِيَّةُ لِأَجْنَبِيٍّ من غَيْرِ إجَازَةِ الْوَرَثَةِ كَذَا في التَّبْيِينِ وَلَا تَجُوزُ بِمَا زَادَ على الثُّلُثِ إلَّا أَنْ يُجِيزَهُ الْوَرَثَةُ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهِ وَهُمْ كِبَارٌ وَلَا مُعْتَبَرَ بِإِجَازَتِهِمْ في حَالِ حَيَاتِهِ كَذَا في الْهِدَايَةِ

 

 (22/252) المحيط البرهاني

إذا اوصي بثلث ماله لأجنبي فهذه الوصية جائزة

 

الفتاوى الهندية -ط. دار الفكر (6/ 90)

وَيُسْتَحَبُّ أَنْ يُوصِيَ الْإِنْسَانُ بِدُونِ الثُّلُثِ سَوَاءٌ كانت الْوَرَثَةُ أَغْنِيَاءَ أو فُقَرَاءَ كَذَا في الْهِدَايَةِ وَالْأَفْضَلُ لِمَنْ له مَالٌ قَلِيلٌ أَنْ لَا يُوصِيَ إذَا كانت له وَرَثَةٌ وَالْأَفْضَلُ لِمَنْ له مَالٌ كَثِيرٌ أَنْ لَا يَتَجَاوَزَ عن الثُّلُثِ فِيمَا لَا مَعْصِيَةَ فيه كَذَا في خِزَانَةِ الْمُفْتِينَ

 

 

سنن الترمذي ت بشار (3/ 19) [2]

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُسْهِرٍ، وَغَيْرُهُ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللهِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ: البَيِّنَةُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي، وَاليَمِينُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ هَذَا حَدِيثٌ فِي إِسْنَادِهِ مَقَالٌ

 

سنن الدار قطني (5/ 276)

نا أَبُو حَامِدٍ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ، نا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، نا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ أَبِي يَزِيدَ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ، نا الْحَجَّاجُ , عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ , عَنْ أَبِيهِ , عَنْ جَدِّهِ , قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ:  «الْبَيِّنَةُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي , وَالْيَمِينُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعَى عَلَيْهِ»

 

السنن الكبرى للبيهقي (6/ 326)

إِنَّمَا قَوْلُ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: " الْبَيِّنَةُ عَلَى الْمُدَّعِي "، فَهَذَا مُدَّعِي

 

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.