Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 39011
Asked Country: Bangladesh

Answered Date: Sep 30,2017

Title: Studying in co-ed environment.


THis is on behalf of a muslim woman.

She loves to observe very strict purdah to the extent that she doesn't want to expose her voice infront of non mahram nor does she like to come infront of them.However her family doesn't like that and ask her to give salaam to non mahram which as far as her knowledge is concerned is not jaiz in islam.But she gives salaam sometimes and it affects her so much that she doesn't want to give salaam the next time.Everyone in her family acknowledges her as "extremist".She is also studying in co-ed but she doesn't want to and it seems that her result is poor there.For this her parents are very upset and sometimes even curses her.Her question is, "is there a level of purdah which is extreme in shariah and is her case applicable for that level?"

2.How can she protect her imaan while studying in co-ed?

please make dua for her so that she can please her creator as well as her parents.


In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.  

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

The conduct of the muslim sister in observing strict purdah and not exposing her voice in front of non-mahrams is correct.

Her discomfort in the co-ed environment is due to her shame and modesty. She should identify an influential person in the family to advise her parents to allow their daughter to freely and comfortably practice on the laws of hijab.[1]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Rabiul Islam

Student Darul Iftaa
Detroit, Michigan, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

[1]{وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَى...} [الأحزاب: 33]


{وَقُلْ لِلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَى جُيُوبِهِنَّ...} [النور: 31]


{يَاأَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ ذَلِكَ أَدْنَى أَنْ يُعْرَفْنَ فَلَا يُؤْذَيْنَ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا} [الأحزاب: 59]


 {...فَلَا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ وَقُلْنَ قَوْلًا مَعْرُوفًا} [الأحزاب: 32]


احسن الفتاوی (ج: 8 ص: 32 م: سعید)


فتاوی عثمانی (جلد:1 ص: 144-143 م: معارف القران کراچی)


سنن الترمذي ت شاكر (3/ 468)

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَاصِمٍ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ مُوَرِّقٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، قَالَ: «المَرْأَةُ عَوْرَةٌ، فَإِذَا خَرَجَتْ اسْتَشْرَفَهَا الشَّيْطَانُ»: «هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ»


المعجم الكبير للطبراني (9/ 295)

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، ثنا حَجَّاجُ بْنُ الْمِنْهَالِ، ثنا أَبُو هِلَالٍ، عَنْ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ هِلَالٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الْأَحْوَصِ، عَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ: " إِنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ عَوْرَةٌ، وَإِنَّهَا إِذَا خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْتِهَا اسْتَشْرَفَهَا الشَّيْطَانُ فَتَقُولُ: مَا رَآنِي أَحَدٌ إِلَّا أَعْجَبْتُهُ، وَأَقْرَبُ مَا تَكُونُ إِلَى اللهِ إِذَا كَانَتْ فِي قَعْرِ بَيْتِهَا "


صحيح ابن خزيمة (3/ 93)

نا أَبُو مُوسَى، نا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَاصِمٍ، ثنا هَمَّامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ مُوَرِّقٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الْأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: «إِنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ عَوْرَةٌ، فَإِذَا خَرَجَتِ اسْتَشْرَفَهَا الشَّيْطَانُ، وَأَقْرَبُ مَا تَكُونُ مِنْ وَجْهِ رَبِّهَا وَهِيَ فِي قَعْرِ بَيْتِهَا»


مصنف ابن أبي شيبة (4/ 53)

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنِ أَبِي الْأَحْوَصِ، قَالَ: قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ: " احْبِسُوا النِّسَاءَ فِي الْبُيُوتِ، فَإِنَّ النِّسَاءَ عَوْرَةٌ، وَإِنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ إِذَا خَرَجَتْ مِنْ بَيْتِهَا اسْتَشْرَفَهَا الشَّيْطَانُ، وَقَالَ لَهَا: إِنَّكِ لَا تَمُرِّينَ بِأَحَدٍ إِلَّا أُعْجِبَ بِكِ "

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