Category: Miscellaneous
Fatwa#: 39006
Asked Country: United States

Answered Date: Sep 24,2017

Title: Can a child carry mother’s surname?

Question

Is it permissible to give a child its mother's last name instead of the father's last name? For example, let's say the father's name is Jon Smith, he was not born or raised as a muslim but converted to Islam before marrying his wife. The wife's name is Aisha Yusuf, she was born and raised as a muslim. Would it be permissible to give their child the mother's last name, since it's more Islamic and the child may identify more as a muslim with the mother's last name instead of the father's? Example: Hasan Yusuf instead of Hasan Smith.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

It is permissible to give the child the mother’s surname for the purpose stated in the email on condition that the intention is not to disassociate the child from the father.[1]   

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Tahmid Chowdhury

Student Darul Iftaa

New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,

Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 



[1]

إحكام الأحكام شرح عمدة الأحكام (1/ 385)

وَقَوْلُهُ " لَكُنْتُ امْرَأً مِنْ الْأَنْصَارِ " أَيْ فِي الْأَحْكَامِ وَالْعِدَادِ، وَاَللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ. وَلَا يَجُوزُ أَنْ يَكُونَ الْمُرَادُ: النَّسَبُ قَطْعًا

 

فتح الباري لابن حجر (8/ 51)

وَنِسْبَةُ الْإِنْسَانِ تَقَعُ عَلَى وُجُوهٍ مِنْهَا الْوِلَادَةُ وَالْبِلَادِيَّةُ وَالِاعْتِقَادِيَّةُ وَالصِّنَاعِيَّةُ وَلَا شَكَّ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يُرِدِ الِانْتِقَالَ عَنْ نَسَبِ آبَائِهِ لِأَنَّهُ مُمْتَنَعٌ قَطْعًا

 

فتاوى دار العلوم زكريا ٧-٥٥٥

 

تحفة المودود بأحكام المولود (ص: 135)

هَذَا مِمَّا لَا نزاع فِيهِ بَين النَّاس وَأَن الْأَبَوَيْنِ إِذا تنَازعا فِي تَسْمِيَة الْوَلَد فَهِيَ للْأَب

 

 

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