Category: Business Matters
Fatwa#: 38887
Asked Country: Kenya

Answered Date: Sep 19,2017

Title: Penalty from one's own side to someone who breached a verbal contract

Question

Assalamu Alaikum

 

I need to ask question regarding Business, I will explain the back ground of the question as well

in our country we are first manufacturing country, citizen owned company  and one only 7 years we have opened it when requirement  for our factory we employed family related guy who had permit for another company than we put variation and took it our company when he he came to our factory he didn't have any knowledge of manufacturing of our products, when the 2nd term of his permit he obtained 10years Resident permit bcoz our manufacturing details and we paid for it (for whole Family). we have trained with all our formula and trade secret sine in our country much people dont have this knowledge since it is too technical 

During his 7 years for working we have employed several other people and we signed non disclosure and non competitive agreement but with him we have informed verbally and we didnt didn't signed

Last we decided to signed the agreement than he told he is leaving bcoz of his health condition and other issue and we asked told him signed anyhow than he said we are family I AM NOT GOING TO OPEN AGAINST OR COMPETE WITH YOU I am going to do other work in the same country

 

Now he is planning to open  against us with some other people bcoz he has not honored his word and we paid for his permit 

my question is we are planning to cancel his permit is it permissible to do so, as immigration we should inform them that this guy is no ore with us and cancel our name but we went further and told them he his work without proper permit bcox his current work permit for our company and for his own company where he is setting for another company so we have are planning inform the immigration 

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

We take note of the following,

1)    The person in reference is a family member.

2)    His permit was from another company.

3)    When he was employed by your company, the permit was transferred onto your company’s name.

4)    Your employees sign a non-disclosure and a non-competitive agreement.

5)    The employee in reference did not sign such an agreement but verbally agreed to it. He stated he will not open and compete with the company.

6)    He now plans to open a similar business.

At the outset, the non-competitive agreement to restrain another from entering the same or similar business is incorrect. [1]

If the family member opens a similar business, it is his Shari right to do so. It is our belief that Rizq and sustenance is from Allah Taala and not through closing doors of competition and restraint.

The family member initially obtained permit from another company. It was changed to your company. Advise him to change it to his new employment. [2] It is unethical to report him and get him deported due to him entering a similar business. More so, he is a family member and deserves your support and favor.

And Allah Ta‘āla Knows Best

Mehrazur Rahman

Student Darul Iftaa

Brooklyn, NY, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



[1] (فقه البيوع، ج ١، ص ٥٠٢، مكتبة معارف القران)

وقد راجت في بعض القوانين الوضعية شروط تعسفية لا عهد بها في الشرع، مثل شرط "عدم المنافسة" وذلك أن من اشترى محلا تجاريا من آخر، فإنه يشترط على البائع أنه لايفتح محلا تجاريا مثله لمدة معلومة في دائرة محددة. وإن مثل هذا الشرط لانرى جوازه، لأنه حجر على البائع و تقييد لحريته في التجارة، و ليس للمشترى أن يمنعه من أي  نوع من التجارة المباحة شرعا.

 

[2] (اپ کے مسائل اور ان کا حال، ج  ۸، ص  ۱۶۵، مکتبۂ لدھیانوی)

ج۔ اسلامی نظام کے نفاذ کا مطلب ہے: اپنی خواہشات پر احکام الہیہ کی بالا دستی قائم کرنا اور حکم الہی کے سامنے اپنی خواہشات کو چھوڑ دینا۔

 

(احسن الفتاوى، ج ٨، ص ٢١٦، ایچ ایم سعید)  

قانونا تو ظاہر ہے کہ پاسپوٹ اور ویزا میں جو تاریخ مقرر ہے اس تاریخ سے زائد ٹھہرنا جرم اور قانون شکنی ہے۔

 

(الجامع لأحكام القرآن، ج ٣، ص ٢٢٩، دار الحديث)

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْكُمْ فَإِنْ تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلًا

و قال ابن خويزمنداد: و أما طاعة السلطان تجب فيما كان لله فيه طاعة، و لا تجب فيما كان لله فيه معصية

 

(رد المحتار علي الدر المختار، ج ٢، ص ١٧٢، ايج ايم سعيد كمبني)

مطلب تجب طاعة الإمام فيما ليس بمعصية

قال في الظهيرية: وهو تأويل ما روي عن أبي يوسف ومحمد فإنهما فعلا ذلك لأن هارون أمرهما أن يكبرا بتكبير جده ففعلا ذلك امتثالا له لا مذهبا واعتقادا قال في المعراج لأن طاعة الإمام فيما ليس بمعصية واجبة

 

(رد المحتار علي الدر المختار، ج ٤، ص ٢٦٣)

وتجب طاعة الإمام عادلا كان أو جائرا إذا لم يخالف الشرع

 

(رد المحتار علي الدر المختار، ج ٤، ص ٢٦٥)

مطلب في وجوب طاعة الإمام (قوله: افترض عليه إجابته) والأصل فيه قوله تعالى {وأولي الأمر منكم} وقال - صلى الله عليه وسلم - «اسمعوا وأطيعوا ولو أمر عليكم عبد حبشي أجدع» وروي «مجدع» وعن ابن عمر أنه - عليه الصلاة والسلام - قال «عليكم بالسمع والطاعة لكل من يؤمر عليكم ما لم يأمركم بمنكر» ففي المنكر لا سمع ولا طاعة

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