Category: Business Matters
Fatwa#: 38881
Asked Country: Netherlands

Answered Date: Aug 04,2017

Title: Misconception regarding Tablighi Jamaat in regards to collected money

Question


In jamaat the brothers put together money and purchase food,petrol etc the money is thus not fairly redistributed is this permissible because I  thought that in a partnership items ought to be redistributed exactly equally.

Answer

In your question, you did not explain the details of the unfair redistribution of the funds. Our answer is thus general and not specific to any situation.

When people travel together as in the form of tableegh, etc. and do things collectively, they mutually agree to form a fund[i] to pay for travel and food expenses. The purpose of the fund is not to do business and earn profits to distribute the profits exactly according to one’s contribution.

A mutual fund is created for convenience and it is not possible to maintain complete equality with such funds. For example, if five people travel and each one contributes R100. Food is purchased for R250 which is 50% of the amount. Each ones contribution towards the food is R50. One may eat more than the other. Shariah overlooks such differences[ii]. However, where it is possible to maintain equality in such funds, one should do so. If there is any leftover in such a fund, it should be returned proportionately. 

And Allaah Ta’aala Knows Best

Muajul I. Chowdhury

 

Student Darul Iftaa

New York, USA

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.



[i] (حاشية السهارنفوري على البخاري 1/337)

والمناهدة وهي إخراج الرفقاء بالنفقة في السفر وخلطها ويسمى بالمخارجة وذلك جائز في جنس واحد وفي الأجناس وإن تفاوتوا في الأكل وليس هذا من الربا في شيء وإنما هو من باب الإباحة.

 

(صحيح البخاري 3/ 137) 

لم ير المسلمون في النهد بأسا أن يأكل هذا بعضا وهذا بعضا

 

(صحيح البخاري 3/ 137) 

2484 - حدثنا بشر بن مرحوم، حدثنا حاتم بن إسماعيل [ص:138]، عن يزيد بن أبي عبيد، عن سلمة رضي الله عنه، قال: خفت أزواد القوم، وأملقوا، فأتوا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم في نحر إبلهم، فأذن لهم، فلقيهم عمر، فأخبروه فقال: ما بقاؤكم بعد إبلكم، فدخل على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، فقال: يا رسول الله، ما بقاؤهم بعد إبلهم، فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «ناد في الناس، فيأتون بفضل أزوادهم»، فبسط لذلك نطع، وجعلوه على النطع، فقام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فدعا وبرك عليه، ثم دعاهم بأوعيتهم، فاحتثى الناس حتى فرغوا، ثم قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: «أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله، وأني رسول الله»

 

(فتح الباري 1/144)

وأما في الأكل فلا تسوية لاختلاف حال الآكلين.

 

[ii]  (التجريد للقدوري 5/2530)

التقويم لا يعتد به في الشيء اليسير

 

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