Category: Fasting (Sawm)
Fatwa#: 38536
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: Aug 23,2017

Title: Can you please clarify the ruling for a pregnant woman during ramadhaan. I have read different fatwas

Question

Assalaamualaikum 

Can you please clarify the ruling for a pregnant woman during ramadhaan. Ive read different fatwas on this website that varied slightly

Is in their answers so i am a bit confused. Is she permitted to not fast/break it only if she knows there's danger to her child or her?

Is it okay for her not to fast in general?

If she finds it difficult is that a sufficient reason for her to not fast? Assuming there is no danger to her or her child? 

How does islam assess difficulty? Is there any information about what defines difficulty- like to what extent would you agree that its difficult for her. Im very sorry I have a lot of shakk when it comes to evaluating myself so i wanted to ask.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

A pregnant woman may not fast in Ramadan if she fears that the fast will be detrimental to her or the child’s health. Fear will be determined by any of these factors:

  • She is almost certain that continuing the fast would be detrimental to her or the child
  • An Allah conscious and reliable Muslim doctor informs her of being in such danger [ [i] ]

In such a situation she may even break her fast. 

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Aboobakr Siddeeq bin Mufti Amjad Mohammad

Student Darul Iftaa

Azaadville, JHB, South Africa

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 

 



[i] ]  [       

البحر الرائق شرح كنز الدقائق ـ مشكول - (6 / 246)

( قَوْلُهُ : وَلِلْحَامِلِ وَالْمُرْضِعِ إذَا خَافَتَا عَلَى الْوَلَدِ أَوْ النَّفْسِ ) أَيْ لَهُمَا الْفِطْرُ دَفْعًا لِلْحَرَجِ وَلِقَوْلِهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ { إنَّ اللَّهَ وَضَعَ عَنْ الْمُسَافِرِ الصَّوْمَ وَشَطْرَ الصَّلَاةِ وَعَنْ الْحَامِلِ وَالْمُرْضِعِ الصَّوْمَ } قَيَّدَ بِالْخَوْفِ بِمَعْنَى غَلَبَةِ الظَّنِّ بِتَجْرِبَةٍ أَوْ إخْبَارِ طَبِيبٍ حَاذِقٍ مُسْلِمٍ كَمَا فِي الْفَتَاوَى الظَّهِيرِيَّةِ عَلَى مَا قَدَّمْنَاهُ ؛ لِأَنَّهَا لَوْ لَمْ تَخَفْ لَا يُرَخَّصُ لَهَا الْفِطْرُ

 

الكتاب - فقه حنفي - (1 / 130)

والحامل والمريض إذا خافتا على ولديهما أفطرتا وقضتا ولا فدية عليهما

 

اللباب في شرح الكتاب - (1 / 83)

والحامل والمرضع إذا خافتا على ولديهما أفطرتا وقضتا ولا فدية عليهما

 

المبسوط للسرخسي ـ مشكول - (4 / 114)

 وَإِذَا خَافَتْ الْحَامِلُ ، أَوْ الْمُرْضِعُ عَلَى نَفْسِهَا أَوْ وَلَدِهَا أَفْطَرَتْ لِقَوْلِهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ { إنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى وَضَعَ عَنْ الْمُسَافِرِ شَطْرَ الصَّلَاةِ وَالصَّوْمِ وَعَنْ الْحَامِلِ وَالْمُرْضِعِ الصَّوْمَ } ؛ وَلِأَنَّهُ يَلْحَقُهَا الْحَرَجُ فِي نَفْسِهَا أَوْ وَلَدِهَا ، وَالْحَرَجُ عُذْرٌ فِي الْفِطْرِ كَالْمَرِيضِ وَالْمُسَافِرِ ، وَعَلَيْهَا الْقَضَاءُ وَلَا كَفَّارَةَ عَلَيْهَا

 

مجمع الأنهر في شرح ملتقى الأبحر ـ مشكول - (2 / 356)

وَلَنَا قَوْله تَعَالَى { وَأَنْ تَصُومُوا خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ } وَمَا رَوَوْهُ مَحْمُولٌ عَلَى حَالَةِ الْجَهْدِ ( إنْ لَمْ يَضُرَّهُ ) السَّفَرُ وَفِيهِ إشْعَارٌ بِأَنَّ الصَّوْمَ مَكْرُوهٌ إذَا أَجْهَدَهُ ( وَلَا قَضَاءَ إنْ مَاتَا عَلَى حَالِهِمَا ) أَيْ الْمَرِيضُ مُطْلَقًا سَوَاءٌ كَانَ الْحَقِيقِيُّ أَوْ الْحُكْمِيُّ كَالْحَامِلِ وَالْمُرْضِعِ وَالْحَائِضِ وَغَيْرِهِنَّ وَالْمُسَافِرِ فَلَا تَجِبُ عَلَيْهِمَا الْوَصِيَّةُ بِالْفِدْيَةِ ؛ لِأَنَّهُمَا لَمْ يُدْرِكَا عِدَّةً مِنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ فَلَمْ يُوجَدْ شَرْطُ وُجُوبِ الْأَدَاءِ فَلَمْ يَلْزَمْ الْقَضَاءُ .

 

الاختيار لتعليل المختار - (1 / 144)

قال : ( والحامل والمرضع إذا خافتا على ولديهما أو نفسيهما أفطرتا وقضتا لا غير )

قياسا على المريض والجامع دفع الحرج والضرر

DISCLAIMER - AskImam.org questions
AskImam.org answers issues pertaining to Shar'ah. Thereafter, these questions and answers are placed for public view on www.askimam.org for educational purposes. However, many of these answers are unique to a particular scenario and cannot be taken as a basis to establish a ruling in another situation or another environment. Askimam.org bears no responsibility with regards to these questions being used out of their intended context.
  • The Shar's ruling herein given is based specifically on the question posed and should be read in conjunction with the question.
  • AskImam.org bears no responsibility to any party who may or may not act on this answer and is being hereby exempted from loss or damage howsoever caused.
  • This answer may not be used as evidence in any Court of Law without prior written consent of AskImam.org.
  • Any or all links provided in our emails, answers and articles are restricted to the specific material being cited. Such referencing should not be taken as an endorsement of other contents of that website.