Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 38367
Asked Country: United Kingdom

Answered Date: May 20,2017

Title: Zakat on student grants

Question

So my tuition fee is 9k a year, right now I'm in 27k of debt. The terms of the student Loans are as follows:

 

- I only repay the loan once I start earning 21k or higher in employment (so I'll start repaying as soon as I leave uni)

- they will take 9% of my income every year to repay the loan

- I can also make voluntary payments to reduce the loan

- I will be charged 3 percent interest

 

So far I've been paid the following the grants from uni which don't need to be payed back

 

Year 1 - £3962

Year 2 - £3737

Year 3 - £6387

 

Let me know if I need to pay zakat on the above, I have no other income besides the above.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

In principle, a person will be liable to give Zakat when one’s wealth reaches the Nisaab.[i] Thereafter, on the same date of the lunar calendar starting from next year, one will have to give Zakat if one has Zakatable assets equivalent to the Nisaab on that date each year.[ii] It is not necessary for the person to hold the cash for the full year for it to be liable for Zakat. Rather, the person must have Zakatable assets equivalent to the nisaab in the beginning and end of the year for Zakat to become obligatory. Any increase or decrease will have no effect, so long as the person has the nisaab in the beginning and end of the year.

In the enquired situation, Zakat will be liable on the cash in hand you have on your Zakat date. Whatever you have remaining from the student grants will be added to the cash in hand and will be liable for Zakat.

As for the debt from the Student loan, then this is a long-term loan, and you will not be paying any of the loan in the next 12 months. Therefore, such a loan will not affect the Zakat.[iii]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Ridhwan Ur Rahman

Student Darul Iftaa
Cardiff, Wales, UK 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai



[i]
The Nisaab is 612.35 grams of silver. Therefore, if one has cash along with gold and silver which has a combined value equivalent to 612.35 grams of silver, then such a person will be liable to pay Zakat on 2.5% of the total.

 

http://askimam.org/public/question_detail/30058

 

[ii]

 Fatawa Mahmudiyah 9/313

Ahsanul fatawa 4/265

يس فيما دون مائتي درهم صدقة فإذا كانت مائتي درهم وحال عليها الحول ففيها خمسة دراهم

باب زكاة العروض

الزكاة واجبة في عروض التجارة كائنة ما كانت إذا بلغت قميتها نصابا من الذهب أو الورق يقومها بما هو أنفع للفقراء والمساكين منهما

وإذا كان النصاب كاملا في طرفي الحول فنقصانه فيما بين ذلك لا يسقط الزكاة

وتضم قيمة العروض إلى الذهب والفضة وكذلك يضم الذهب إلى الفضة بالقيمة حتى يتم النصاب عند أبي حنيفة

 مختصر القدوري – مكتبة البشرى (ص: 169) 

 

[iii]

جديد فقهي مساءل 2/40

 

http://askimam.org/public/question_detail/31945

 

قوله أو مؤجلا إلخ) عزاه في المعراج إلى شرح الطحاوي، وقال: وعن أبي حنيفة لا يمنع. وقال الصدر الشهيد: لا رواية فيه، ولكل من المنع وعدمه وجه. زاد القهستاني عن الجواهر: والصحيح أنه غير مانع

الدر المختار وحاشية ابن عابدين (رد المحتار) (2/ 261)

 

 

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