Category: Jurisprudence and Rulings (Fiqh)
Fatwa#: 37820
Asked Country: Saudi Arabia

Answered Date: Mar 06,2017

Title: Zakah in advance

Question

Every year I distribute Zakaat in month of Zil-Haj, Right now in month of Jamaad al Thani, I want to help some needy families with Zakaat money, can I assume approximately how much wealth I can accumulate till Zil-Haj , calculate 2.5% of that accumulated wealth and distribute the money. Like this my Zakaat for this year will be Valid – Jazakallah.

Answer

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Your total zakatable wealth for this year can only be known in Zil Haj (on the day you usually discharge your Zakah). You can however discharge your Zakah in advance by estimating how much will be due in Zil Haj and discharging it now. You should note this amount. When your actual Zakah date sets in, you should re-calculate your actual Zakah that is due and if there is a deficit, then you should set if off.[i]

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Imran Patel

Student Darul Iftaa

Zambia

 

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

 

 

 

 

 



[i]

البناية شرح الهداية (3/ 363)

(وإن قدم الزكاة على الحول وهو مالك للنصاب جاز) ش: بأن قدم المالك الزكاة قبل حولان الحول والحال أنه مالك لقدر النصاب جاز تقديمه م: (لأنه أدى بعد سبب الوجوب فيجوز) ش: سبب الوجوب هو النصاب ولأنه حق يؤجل كالدين المؤجل، وبقولنا: قال الشافعي، وأحمد، وإسحاق، وأبو ثور، وهو قول الحسن البصري، والنخعي، والزهري، والثوري، والشعبي، ومجاهد، والحاكم، وابن أبي ليلى، وسعيد بن جبير، والحسن بن حي - رَحِمَهُمُ اللَّهُ - م: (كما إذا كفر بعد الجرح) ش: قيد الموت لوجود السبب وهو الجرح.

 

الأشباه والنظائر (ص: 72)

الرابع : تخفيف تقديم : كالجمع بعرفات وتقديم الزكاة على الحول وزكاة الفطر في رمضان وقبله على الصحيح بعد تملك النصاب في الأول ووجود الرأس بصفة المؤنة والولاية في الثاني

 

 

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